Annals of Telecommunications

, Volume 72, Issue 3–4, pp 189–197 | Cite as

Load balancing aware SDMA-based beaconing approach in vehicular ad hoc networks

  • Zouina Doukha
  • Sofian Ali BenMussa
  • Kayhan Zrar Ghafoor
  • Iman Loumachi
  • Samira Moussaoui


Neighborhood discovery is a fundamental link layer service for safety and non-safety applications in VANETs. Till now, this service is made available by beaconing. But, several studies demonstrate its inefficiency. In the literature, several papers propose adaptive strategies to alleviate the channel load problem, but packet loss due to collision remains an open issue due to the randomness of beacon sending through the network. In this paper, we propose an SDMA-based beaconing with load balancing method that distributes beacon sending load fairly. In the proposed scheme, the vehicles self-organize themselves into groups depending on their positions. Then, all beacons are sent sequentially along the period, thereby reducing the congestion. We drive extensive simulations to demonstrate the effectiveness of our strategy.


Beaconing SDMA Load balancing Synchronization Beacon session 


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Copyright information

© Institut Mines-Télécom and Springer-Verlag France 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zouina Doukha
    • 1
  • Sofian Ali BenMussa
    • 2
  • Kayhan Zrar Ghafoor
    • 3
  • Iman Loumachi
    • 1
  • Samira Moussaoui
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of Science and Technology Houari BoumedienAlgiersAlgeria
  2. 2.Faculty of Computer and Mathematical SciencesUniversiti Teknologi MARAShah AlamMalaysia
  3. 3.Faculty of Engineering, School of ComputingKoya UniversityKurdistan RegionIraq

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