What’s new in the surgical care of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS)
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The evaluation, classification and surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) continues to evolve. There is a deeper understanding of the 3-dimensional nature of the deformity and the techniques used to realign the spinal column into a more physiologic position with spinal instrumentation and implants prior to performing a spinal fusion. The posterior approach utilizing pedicle screw implants and various forms of derotation techniques have become quite popular and multicenter analysis of the operative results are commonly performed. Inherent to the current treatment is an emphasis on safety, optimal correction and treatment methods emphasizing less invasive approaches with non-fusion technologies. This review will provide a synopsis of the changes in the past decade in the operative care of AIS patients.
Keywordsadolescent idiopathic scoliosis three-dimensional deformity Lenke Classification System pedicle channels surgical treatment
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