Urban driving cycle for performance evaluation of electric vehicles
Nowadays, a number of environmental issues have seriously come to the fore. For this reason, the R & D spending on eco-friendly vehicles that use electric power has been gradually increasing. In general, fuel economy and pollutant emissions of both conventional and eco-friendly vehicles are measured through chassis dynamometer tests that are performed on a variety of driving cycles before an actual driving test. There are a number of driving cycles that have been developed for the for performance evaluation of conventional vehicles. However, there is a lack of research into driving cycle for EV. Because large differences exist between the drive system and driving charateristics of EV and that of CV, a study on driving cycle for EV should be conducted. In this study, the necessity of an urban driving cycle for the performance evaluation of electric vehicles is confirmed by developing the driving cycle. First, the Gwacheon-city Urban Driving Cycle for Electric Vehicles (GUDC-EV) is developed by using driving data obtained through actual driving experiments and statistical analysis. Second, GUDC-EV is verified by constructing EV simulators and performing simulations that use the actual driving data. The simulation results are then compared against existing urban driving cycles, such as FTP-72, NEDC, and Japan 10–15. These results confirm that GUDC-EV can be used as an urban driving cycle to evaluate the performance of electric vehicles and validate the necessity of development of the driving cycle for electric vehicles.
Key WordsElectric vehicles Driving cycle e-Vsim EV simulator Electricity performance
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Barlow, T. J., Latham, S., McCrae, I. S. and Boulter, P. G. (2009). A Reference Book of Driving Cycles for Use in the Measurement of Road Vehicle Emissions. Transport Research Laboratory in United Kingdom. PPR354.Google Scholar
- Ehsani, M., Gao, Y. and Emadi, A. (2010). Modern Electric, Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicle: Fundamentals, Theory and Design. 2nd edn. CRC Press. Boca Raton.Google Scholar
- KATECH (2014). Development of Virtual Integrated Development Environment (VIDE) for Commercialization Supporting of Green Car: The 4th Year Report. M0000022.Google Scholar
- Kim, H., Jeon, K. and Choi, S. (2012). A study on city driving cycle for performance evaluation of electric corner module of compact EV. KSAE Annual Conf. Proc., Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, 2305–2309.Google Scholar
- Lechner, G., Naunheimer, H. and Ryborz, J. (1999). Automotive Transmissions: Fundamentals, Selection, Design, and Application. 1st edn. Springer Science & Business Media. New York.Google Scholar
- Park, K., Lee, S., Jin, S. and Kwak, S. (2011). Modeling and dynamic analysis for electric vehicle powertrain systems. Trans. Institute of Electronics and Information Egineers 48, 6, 71–81.Google Scholar
- Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU) (2012). Development of Virtual Integrated Development Environment (VIDE) for Establishment of Development Strategy and Automobile System Design of Green Car: The 2nd Year Report. M0000022.Google Scholar
- US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (1991). Protection of Environment, Part 86: Control of Emissions from New and In-use Highway Vehicles and Engines. United States Code of Federal Regulations, 40, 86.Google Scholar
- Yang, H., Cho, S., Kim, N., Lim, W. and Cha, S. (2007). Analysis of planetary gear hybrid powertrain system part 1: Input split system. Int. J. Automotive Technology 8, 6, 771–780.Google Scholar