Conceptual design of economic hybrid vehicle system using clutchless geared smart transmission
- 585 Downloads
Most hybrid vehicles employ the continuously variable transmission (CVT or eCVT) currently as their choice of the transmissions. Recently, an automated geared transmission (AGT) or dual clutch transmission (DCT) is being tried for some hybrid vehicles for the better fuel economy than the CVT hybrid. However, this AGT or DCT is using automated clutches which require the hydraulic power in addition to the slippage in the clutch plate invoking some energy loss as well as wear. Also, they require a motor with significant power to match to the engine power. The clutchless geared smart transmission (CGST) has no clutch and the clutch function is performed by a planetary gear system controlled by a motor-generator. The hybrid vehicles proposed here using CGST may have some merits in durability, fuel efficiency, and cost since they do not have clutches. The motor used for the clutch function can be also working for power merge with the engine in propelling the vehicle. The proposed hybrid system can be either mild hybrid or full hybrid by adopting a different capacity of battery with much smaller motor-generator due to the planetary gear system compared to the other type hybrid vehicles. In this study, the prospects of newly proposed CGST hybrid system are examined in practical aspects compared with AGT hybrid or DCT hybrid systems.
Key WordsHybrid Geared transmission Clutch Efficiency Planetary gear
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bachmann, M. (2010). Hybrid Drive Train of a Motor Vehicle. US Patent Application Publication, 2010/0009805.Google Scholar
- Gelb, G. H., Richardson, N. A., Wang, T. C. and Berman, B. (1971). Power trains-design and dynamometer testing. SAE Paper No. 710235.Google Scholar
- Ibamoto, M., Sakamoto, H. and Kuroiwa, H. (2004). Study of an automatic transmission transferring torque an electric motor. Review of Automotive Engineering 25,2, 165–171.Google Scholar
- Ibamoto, M., Sakamoto, H. and Kuroiwa, H. (2007). Active Shift Transmission, Transmission Control Unit and Automobile. US Patent. US 2007/0232434 A1.Google Scholar
- Miller, J. M. (2005). Comparative assessment of hybrid vehicle power split transmission. 4th VI Winter Workshop Series, http://www.engin.umd.umich.edu/vi/w4_workshops/Miller_W04.pdf Google Scholar
- Heath, RPG (2007). Zeroshift. A Seamless Automated Manual Transmission (AMT) with no torque interrupt. SAE, 1307-1341.Google Scholar
- Teshima, T., Uezono, S., Izumi, S., Sakamoto, H., Ibamoto, M. and Heath, RPG (2006). Experimental manufactured car of hybrid system(HAST). JSAE 20065638.Google Scholar
- US Department of Energy (2010). Annual Energy Outlook with Projection to 2035. DOE/EIA-0383.Google Scholar
- Yoon, Y. S., Kim, K. S. and Kim, S. J. (2010). Hybrid vehicle using clutchless manual transmission. Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, 10-A0529.Google Scholar
- Yoon, Y. S., Kim, K. S. and Kim, S. J. (2011). Clutchless geared smart transmission. JSAE 20119141.Google Scholar