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Estuaries and Coasts

, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp 224–234 | Cite as

Composition, Abundance, and Life History of Mysids (Crustacea: Mysida) in the Coastal Lagoons of MD, USA

  • Ejiroghene Mayor
  • Paulinus ChigbuEmail author
  • James Pierson
  • Victor S. Kennedy
Article

Abstract

The composition, abundance, biomass, and life history of mysid species were investigated and described for the first time in the Maryland Coastal Bays (38° N, 75° W), Mid-Western Atlantic, using data collected from 2010 to 2013. Three species of mysids were collected, with Neomysis americana being the most abundant species (maximum mean abundance 6.7 ± 6.4 numbers (nos.) m−2 in July 2013 and biomass 2.78 ± 2.76-mg dry weight (DW) m−2 in July 2012). Americamysis bahia was the second most abundant species (maximum mean abundance: 0.7 ± 0.4 nos. m−2 and biomass: 0.23 ± 0.14 mg DW m−2 in March 2012). Metamysidopsis swifti made up 0.02 to 2 % of mysids and were found in samples collected mainly from southern Chincoteague Bay close to that Bay’s inlet in the fall of 2012. The two most abundant mysid species reproduced continuously from March to July (Neomysis) and May to October (Americamysis). N. americana had larger body and brood sizes than A. bahia. Mysids were relatively low in abundance in late summer, a period of relatively high biomass of fish predators, than during other seasons, suggesting that intense predation might be controlling their abundance. The increase in mysid abundance in the fall following their disappearance in late summer without evidence of reproductive activities suggests species migration from coastal waters into the Maryland Coastal Bays. This annual mysid subsidy perhaps helps to sustain their populations within the bays.

Keywords

Mysids Neomysis americana Abundance Life history Maryland coastal lagoons 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This project was funded by National Science Foundation CREST grant to the Center for the Integrated Study of Coastal Ecosystem Processes and Dynamics in the Mid-Atlantic region at the University of Maryland Eastern Shore and in part by the NOAA Living Marine Resources Cooperative Science Center. Special appreciation goes to the boat Captain, Chris Daniels, for assistance with sampling. We also thank Chinwe Otuya, Addis Bedane, and Kennard Roy for assistance on the field and in the lab at various times during this project.

Contribution No. 5204 from the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science.

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Copyright information

© Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ejiroghene Mayor
    • 1
  • Paulinus Chigbu
    • 1
    Email author
  • James Pierson
    • 2
  • Victor S. Kennedy
    • 2
  1. 1.NSF CREST-Center for the Integrated Study of Coastal Ecosystem Processes and Dynamics in the Mid-Atlantic Region, and NOAA Living Marine Resources Cooperative Science Center, Department of Natural SciencesUniversity of Maryland Eastern ShorePrincess AnneUSA
  2. 2.Horn Point LaboratoryUniversity of Maryland Center for Environmental ScienceCambridgeUSA

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