Estuaries and Coasts

, Volume 38, Issue 4, pp 1163–1177 | Cite as

CO2-Driven Ocean Acidification Disrupts the Filter Feeding Behavior in Chilean Gastropod and Bivalve Species from Different Geographic Localities

  • Cristian A. Vargas
  • Victor M. Aguilera
  • Valeska San Martín
  • Patricio H. Manríquez
  • Jorge M. Navarro
  • Cristian Duarte
  • Rodrigo Torres
  • Marco A. Lardies
  • Nelson A. Lagos
Article

Abstract

We present experimental data obtained with newly hatched veliger larvae of the gastropod Concholepas concholepas and juveniles of the mussel Perumytilus purpuratus exposed to three pCO2 levels. Egg capsules of C. concholepas were collected from three geographic locations in northern (Antofagasta), central (Las Cruces), and southern Chile (Calfuco), and then incubated throughout their entire intra-capsular life cycle at three nominal pCO2 levels, ~400, 700, and 1,000 ppm. Similarly, P. purpuratus were collected from both Las Cruces and Calfuco and exposed to the same pCO2 levels during 6 weeks. Hatched gastropod larvae and mussel juvenile were fed with the haptophyte Isochrysis galbana. Clearance and ingestion rates were estimated for newly hatched larvae, and for juvenile mussel these rates were measured at two observation times (3 and 6 weeks). Our results clearly showed a significant negative effect of elevated pCO2 on the clearance and ingestion for both C. concholepas larvae and P. purpuratus juveniles, which dropped between 15 up to 70 % under high pCO2 conditions. The present study has also shown large variations in the sensitivities of C. concholepas larvae from different local populations (i.e. Antofagasta, Las Cruces, and Calfuco). The influence of both corrosive upwelling waters and the influence of freshwater discharges from Maipo River may explain the minor negative effect of high pCO2 conditions in hatched larvae from Las Cruces’ egg capsules, which would suggest that they are inherently more tolerant to ocean acidification (OA) than organisms that live on regions with a lower pCO2 variability. The present study suggests the need for site-specific studies and reveals the important effect of low pH conditions on feeding activity. Furthermore, this study supports the notion that feeding is a key physiological process susceptible to the effects of OA in marine invertebrates.

Keywords

Acidification Newly hatched larvae Gastropod Mussel juveniles Feeding 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We acknowledge the skillful help of all assistants involved in this research, especially to Haydee Müller, Karin Acuña, Loreto Mardones, and María Elisa Jara for their logistic support. This work was supported by the Proyecto Anillos ACT-132 by CONICYT (Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica) (http://www.eula.cl/anillos_acidificacion); Fondecyt Grant 1090624 (TOA-SPACE Project), and Millennium Nucleus Center for the Study of Multiple-Drivers on Marine Socio-Ecological Systems (MUSELS) funded by MINECON NC120086. Finally, the Millennium Institute of Oceanography (IMO) funded by MINECON IC120019 also supported this work during the final stage. CAV is supported by Red Doctoral REDOC.CTA, MINEDUC project UCO1202 at U. de Concepción.

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Copyright information

© Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristian A. Vargas
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Victor M. Aguilera
    • 3
    • 4
  • Valeska San Martín
    • 1
    • 2
  • Patricio H. Manríquez
    • 5
    • 10
  • Jorge M. Navarro
    • 5
  • Cristian Duarte
    • 2
    • 6
  • Rodrigo Torres
    • 7
  • Marco A. Lardies
    • 2
    • 8
    • 9
  • Nelson A. Lagos
    • 2
    • 10
  1. 1.Aquatic Ecosystem Functioning Lab (LAFE), Department of Aquatic System, Faculty of Environmental Sciences & Environmental Sciences Center EULA ChileUniversidad de ConcepciónConcepciónChile
  2. 2.Center for the Study of Multiple-Drivers on Marine Socio-Ecological System (MUSELS)Universidad de ConcepciónConcepciónChile
  3. 3.Millennium Institute of Oceanography (IMO)Universidad de ConcepciónConcepciónChile
  4. 4.Instituto de Ciencias Naturales Alexander von HumboldtUniversidad de AntofagastaAntofagastaChile
  5. 5.Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y LimnológicasUniversidad Austral de Chile, Laboratorio Costero de Recursos Acuáticos de CalfucoValdiviaChile
  6. 6.Departamento de Ecología y Biodiversidad, Facultad de Ecología y Recursos NaturalesUniversidad Andres BelloSantiagoChile
  7. 7.Centro de Investigación en Ecosistemas de la Patagonia (CIEP)CoyhaiqueChile
  8. 8.Facultad de Artes LiberalesUniversidad Adolfo IbáñezSantiagoChile
  9. 9.Center for Aquaculture Research (INCAR)SantiagoChile
  10. 10.Laboratorio de Ecología y Conducta de la Ontogenia Temprana (LECOT), Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Zonas Áridas (CEAZA)CoquimboChile

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