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Estuaries and Coasts

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 712–725 | Cite as

Dinoflagellate Cysts in Surface Sediments from Southern Coast of Korea

  • Hyeon Ho Shin
  • Yang Ho Yoon
  • Young-Ok Kim
  • Kazumi Matsuoka
Article

Abstract

To investigate the distributions of dinoflagellate cysts in relation to environmental conditions from southern coast of Korea, surface sediment samples collected from 11 stations in Gamak Bay, Yeoja Bay and the offshore area of Yeoja Bay were analyzed. Dinoflagellate cyst assemblages observed in the study area included many species commonly reported from other temperate regions. Among them, Polykrikos cysts were dominant, together with Brigantedinium spp. and Spiniferites spp. Based on cluster analysis, dinoflagellate cyst assemblages were divided into two main groups; group I, located in Yeoja Bay and group II, located in Gamak Bay and the offshore area of Yeoja Bay. Principal component analysis identified differences in salinity levels as the main environmental factors affecting the distributional characteristics of dinoflagellate cyst assemblages in the study area. Gamak Bay is a typical eutrophied area as result of extensive human activities around the bay, and heterotrophic cysts, including Polykrikos cysts, are remarkably abundant and likely to be a useful indicator for eutrophication in Gamak Bay.

Keywords

Dinoflagellate cyst Salinity level Eutrophication Heterotrophic cyst Gamak Bay 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Dr. K. Mizushima and all members of the Laboratory of the Coastal Environmental Sciences, Nagasaki University for their kind help with the cyst analysis, and also wish to express our gratitude to the reviewers for their critical comments, which helped to improve the manuscript. This work was supported by a grant from the Korean Ocean Research and Development Institute (PE98582).

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Copyright information

© Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hyeon Ho Shin
    • 1
  • Yang Ho Yoon
    • 2
  • Young-Ok Kim
    • 1
  • Kazumi Matsuoka
    • 3
  1. 1.Korea Ocean Research and Development InstituteGeojeRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Faculty of Marine TechnologyChonnam National UniversityYeosuRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Institute for East China Sea ResearchNagasaki UniversityNagasakiJapan

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