Estuaries and Coasts

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 383–400 | Cite as

The Arctic Coastal Dynamics Database: A New Classification Scheme and Statistics on Arctic Permafrost Coastlines

  • Hugues Lantuit
  • Pier Paul Overduin
  • Nicole Couture
  • Sebastian Wetterich
  • Felix Aré
  • David Atkinson
  • Jerry Brown
  • Georgy Cherkashov
  • Dmitry Drozdov
  • Donald Lawrence Forbes
  • Allison Graves-Gaylord
  • Mikhail Grigoriev
  • Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten
  • James Jordan
  • Torre Jorgenson
  • Rune Strand Ødegård
  • Stanislav Ogorodov
  • Wayne H. Pollard
  • Volker Rachold
  • Sergey Sedenko
  • Steve Solomon
  • Frits Steenhuisen
  • Irina Streletskaya
  • Alexander Vasiliev
Article

Abstract

Arctic permafrost coasts are sensitive to changing climate. The lengthening open water season and the increasing open water area are likely to induce greater erosion and threaten community and industry infrastructure as well as dramatically change nutrient pathways in the near-shore zone. The shallow, mediterranean Arctic Ocean is likely to be strongly affected by changes in currently poorly observed arctic coastal dynamics. We present a geomorphological classification scheme for the arctic coast, with 101,447 km of coastline in 1,315 segments. The average rate of erosion for the arctic coast is 0.5 m  year−1 with high local and regional variability. Highest rates are observed in the Laptev, East Siberian, and Beaufort Seas. Strong spatial variability in associated database bluff height, ground carbon and ice content, and coastline movement highlights the need to estimate the relative importance of shifting coastal fluxes to the Arctic Ocean at multiple spatial scales.

Keywords

Arctic Coast Permafrost Erosion Carbon cycle 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research is the result of the Arctic Coastal Dynamics project (ACD phase 1), which was an initiative of the International Permafrost Association (IPA) and continued in cooperation with the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC) under the auspices of the Land-Ocean Interactions In the Coastal Zone (LOICZ) project. The authors wish to thank their home institutions for continuing support as well as the following program and institutions in supporting this work: ArcticNet, Polar Continental Shelf Project (PCSP), National Science Foundation (NSF), and the Russian Federal Target program “Scientific and academic teaching staff of the innovative Russia”.

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Copyright information

© Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hugues Lantuit
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pier Paul Overduin
    • 1
  • Nicole Couture
    • 3
  • Sebastian Wetterich
    • 1
  • Felix Aré
    • 4
  • David Atkinson
    • 5
  • Jerry Brown
    • 2
  • Georgy Cherkashov
    • 6
  • Dmitry Drozdov
    • 7
  • Donald Lawrence Forbes
    • 8
  • Allison Graves-Gaylord
    • 9
  • Mikhail Grigoriev
    • 10
  • Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten
    • 1
  • James Jordan
    • 11
  • Torre Jorgenson
    • 12
  • Rune Strand Ødegård
    • 13
  • Stanislav Ogorodov
    • 14
  • Wayne H. Pollard
    • 15
  • Volker Rachold
    • 16
  • Sergey Sedenko
    • 10
  • Steve Solomon
    • 8
  • Frits Steenhuisen
    • 17
  • Irina Streletskaya
    • 14
  • Alexander Vasiliev
    • 14
  1. 1.Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Research Section PotsdamPotsdamGermany
  2. 2.International Permafrost AssociationPotsdamGermany
  3. 3.Northern Canada DivisionGeological Survey of CanadaOttawaCanada
  4. 4.St. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  5. 5.International Arctic Research CenterFairbanksUSA
  6. 6.VNIIOkeangeologiaSt. PetersburgRussia
  7. 7.Earth Cryosphere Institute, RASMoscowRussia
  8. 8.Geological Survey of CanadaDartmouthCanada
  9. 9.Nunatech TechnologiesAnchorageUSA
  10. 10.Melnikov Permafrost InstituteYakutskRussia
  11. 11.Antioch University New EnglandKeeneUSA
  12. 12.ABR IncFairbanksUSA
  13. 13.Gjovik CollegeGjovikNorway
  14. 14.Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  15. 15.McGill UniversityMontréalCanada
  16. 16.International Arctic Science CommitteePotsdamGermany
  17. 17.Arctic CentreUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

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