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Remittances and investment nexus in Bangladesh: an ARDL bounds testing approach


Bangladesh is the 8th largest remittance recipient country in the world and one of the heavily dependent (11 % of GDP) countries of remittances. Despite its importance in policy making in developing countries like Bangladesh, there is absence of any study regarding the effect of remittances on the level of investment. In an attempt to fill the gap, we examine the cointegrating property and stability of the relationship among these variables using the ARDL bounds testing approach combined with CUSUM and CUSUMSQ tests. Our findings show that both remittances and trade openness positively and significantly influence the level of investment in Bangladesh, meaning that contrary to most conclusions found in the literature, migrant remittances in developing countries are not entirely spent in basic consumption needs. We also find that foreign aid has very little and insignificant impact on investment. Finally, we find long-run unidirectional causal relationship running from remittances to investment indicating that favorable policies to increase the flow of remittance will promote investment in Bangladesh.

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    Result with nominal exchange rate can be provided upon request.


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Correspondence to A. K. M. Nurul Hossain.

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Nurul Hossain, A.K.M., Hasanuzzaman, S. Remittances and investment nexus in Bangladesh: an ARDL bounds testing approach. Int Rev Econ 60, 387–407 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12232-012-0170-0

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  • Remittances
  • Investment
  • Cointegration
  • ARDL bounds testing approach

JEL Classification

  • A10
  • C32
  • E22
  • F22