International Review of Economics

, Volume 59, Issue 3, pp 269–284 | Cite as

What’s up after brain drain? Sometimes, somewhere, someone comes back: a general model of return migration

Article

Abstract

Individual preferences and wage differentials are generally interpreted as determinants of agents’ migration decisions in search of job opportunities. Literature about migration flows usually describes both theoretical and empirical evidence for either temporary or permanent movements of workers, but brain drain migration has its own peculiar characteristics. This paper aims to obtain two results: the first is to present the law of determination that leads to the moment of the return decision, and the second is to analyse how the difference between the utility from domestic and foreign consumption evolves in time. The presented model explains how the return decision is determined, even in cases when the agent does not leave or does not return at all.

Keywords

Brain drain Return migration Individual preferences Wage differentials 

JEL Classification

F22 J24 

References

  1. Azariadis C, Drazen A (1990) Threshold externalities in economic development. Q J Econ 105(2):501–526Google Scholar
  2. Beine M, Defoort C, Docquier F (2006) Skilled migration, human capital inequality and convergence, Manuscript, Université Catholique de Louvain-La-NeuveGoogle Scholar
  3. Bell BD (1997) The Performance of Immigrants in the United Kingdom: evidence from the GHS. Econ J 107(441):333–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Biondo AE, Lisi D (2011) Brain drain, individual preferences and wage differentials: a general model of rational migration, DEMQ Working paperGoogle Scholar
  5. Biondo AE, Monteleone S (2010) Return migration in Italy: what do we know? J Adv Res Manag I(2):94–101Google Scholar
  6. Biondo AE, Monteleone S, Skonieczny G, Torrisi B (2012) Propensity to return: theory and evidence of Italian brain drain. Econ Lett 115:359–362Google Scholar
  7. Borjas GJ, Bratsberg B (1996) Who leaves? The outmigration of the foreign-born. Rev Econ Stat 78(1):165–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chiswick BR (2011) Immigration: high skilled vs. low skilled labor? IZA Policy Papers 28Google Scholar
  9. Commander SJ, Kangasniemi M, Winters LA (2003) The brain drain: Curse or Boon? IZA discussion paper 809Google Scholar
  10. Cox Edwards A, Ureta M (2003) International migration, remittances and schooling: evidence from El Salvador. J Dev Econ 72(2):429–461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Docquier BM, Rapoport H (2001) Brain drain and economic growth: theory and evidence. J Dev Econ 64:275–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dustmann C (1994) Return intentions of migrants: theory and evidence, CEPR DP906Google Scholar
  13. Dustmann C (1995) Savings behavior of migrant workers—a life cycle analysis. Zeitschrift fuer Wirtschafts-und Sozialwissenschaften 4:511–533Google Scholar
  14. Dustmann C, Weiss Y (2007) Return migration: theory and empirical evidence from the UK. Br J Indus Relat 45:236–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Faini R (2006) Remittances and the brain drain, IZA discussion paper, 2155Google Scholar
  16. Frankel JA (2009) Are bilateral remittances countercyclical? NBER Working Paper 15419Google Scholar
  17. Friedberg RM (2000) You can’t take it with you? Immigrant assimilation and the portability of human capital. J Labor Econ 18(2):221–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Glytsos NP (1988) Remittances and temporary migration: a theoretical model and its testing with the greek-german experience. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv 124:524–549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Haque NU, Kim S (1995) Human capital flight: impact of migration on income and growth. IMF Staff Papers 42(3):577–607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kinari Y, Ohtake F, Tsutsui Y (2009) Time discounting: declining impatience and interval effect. J Risk Uncertain 39:87–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kwok V, Leland HE (1982) An economic model of the brain drain. Am Econ Rev 72(1):91–100Google Scholar
  22. Lucas R (1988) On the mechanics of economic development. J Monet Econ 22:3–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lucas R (2004) International migration regimes and economic development, Report for the expert group on development issues (EGDI), Swedish Ministry of Foreign AffairsGoogle Scholar
  24. Mayr K, Peri G (2008) Return migration as channel for brain gain, CReAM DP. 04/08Google Scholar
  25. Poutvaara P (2004) Public education in an integrated Europe. Studying to migrate and teaching to stay, CESifo Working Paper, n. 1369Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics and BusinessUniversity of CataniaCataniaItaly

Personalised recommendations