Advertisement

Economic Botany

, Volume 68, Issue 3, pp 350–354 | Cite as

A Misleading Name Reduces Marketability of a Healthful and Stimulating Natural Product: A Comparative Taste Test of Infusions of a Native Florida Holly (Ilex vomitoria) and Yerba Mate (I. paraguariensis)

  • Alisha E. Wainwright
  • Francis E. PutzEmail author
Notes on Economic Plants

Abstract

Keywords

Caffeine Taste Preference Caffeine Concentration Botanical Nomenclature Caffeinated Beverage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Lorenzo Puentes and the University of Florida Food Science and Human Nutrition Taste Panel staff for their help with the taste panel preparation. We also thank Michelle Whaley for her useful comments on earlier drafts of this manuscript.

Literature Cited

  1. Alikaridis, F. 1987. Natural constituents of Ilex species. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 20:121–144.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anonymous. 1998. Código Alimentario Argentino. Chapter 9, Article 1193. Buenos Aires: De la Canal y Asociados SRL.Google Scholar
  3. Bastos, D. H. M., E. Y. Ishimoto, M. O. M. Marques, A. F. Ferri, and E. A. F. S. Torres. 2006. Essential oil and antioxidant activity of green mate and mate tea (Ilex paraguariensis) infusions. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 19:538–543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blanton, W. B. 1931. Medicine in Virginia in the Eighteenth Century. Garrett and Massie, Inc., Richmond, Virginia.Google Scholar
  5. Calviño, A. M., O. P. Tamasi, and M. C. Ciappini. 2005. Caffeine content and dynamical bitterness of yerba mate Ilex paraguariensis infusions. Food Science and Technology International 11:401–407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Campos, A. M., J. Escobar, and E. A. Lissi. 1996. The total reactive antioxidant potential (TRAP) and total antioxidant reactivity (TAR) of Ilex paraguarensis extracts and red wine. Journal of Brazilian Chemical Society 7:43–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cuénoud, P., M. A. Del Pero Martinez, P.-A. Loizeau, R. Spichiger, S. Andrews, and J.-F. Manen. 2000. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the genus Ilex L. (Aquifoliaceae). Annals of Botany 85:111–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Edwards, A. L. and B. C. Bennett. 2005. Diversity of methylxanthine content in Ilex cassine L. and Ilex vomitoria Ait.: Assessing sources of the North American stimulant cassina. Economic Botany 59:275–285.Google Scholar
  9. Fredholm, B. B. 1984. Gastrointestinal and metabolic effects of methylxanthines. Progress in Clinical Biological Research 158:331–354.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Gibbons, E. 1962. Stalking the wild asparagus. Alan C. Hood, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  11. Hudson, C. M., ed. 1979. Black drink—A native American tea. The University of Georgia Press, Athens.Google Scholar
  12. Kawakami, M. and A. Kobayashi. 1991. Volatile constituents of green mate and roasted mate. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 39:1275–1279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Klosterman, L. 2006. Drugs: The facts about caffeine. Marshall Cavendish, Tarrytown, New York.Google Scholar
  14. Merlin, M. D. 2003. Archaeological evidence for the tradition of psychoactive plant use in the Old World. Economic Botany 57:295–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Nicholi, A. M. 1983. The nontherapeutic use of psychoactive drugs—A modern epidemic. The New England Journal of Medicine 308:925–933.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Noratto, G. D., Y. Kim, S. T. Talcott, and S. U. Mertens-Talcott. 2011. Flavonol-rich fractions of yaupon holly leaves (Ilex vomitoria, Aquifoliaceae) induce microRNA-146a and have anti-inflammatory and chemopreventive effects in intestinal myofribroblast CCD-18Co cells. Fitoterapia 82:557–569.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. O’Brien, T. G. and M. F. Kinnaird. 2003. Caffeine and conservation. Science 300:587.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Palumbo, M. J., S. T. Talcott, and F. E. Putz. 2007. Nitrogen fertilizer and gender effects on the secondary metabolism of yaupon, a caffeine-containing North American holly. Oecologia 151:1–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. ———, ———, and ———. 2009. Ilex vomitoria Ait. (yaupon): A native North American source of a caffeinated and antioxidant-rich tea. Economic Botany 63:130–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pendergrast, M. 2010. Uncommon grounds: The history of coffee and how it transformed the world. Basic Books, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  21. Power, F. B. and V. K. Chestnut. 1919. Ilex vomitoria as a native source of caffeine. Journal of the American Chemical Society 41:1307–1312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ramallo, L. A., M. Smorcewski, E. C. Valdez, A. M. Paredes, and M. E. Schmalko. 1998. Contenido nutricional del extracto acuoso de la yerba mate en tres formas diferentes de consumo. La Alimentación Latinoamericana 225:48–52.Google Scholar
  23. Reginatto, F. H., M. L. Athayde, G. Gosmann, and E. P. Schenkel. 1999. Methylxanthines accumulation in Ilex species–Caffeine and theobromine in erva-mate (Ilex paraguarensis) and other Ilex species. Journal of Brazilian Chemistry Society 10:443–446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rose, S. 2010. For all the tea in China. Arrow Books, London.Google Scholar
  25. Schmalko, M. E., S. M. Maciel, and S. M. Alzamora. 1999. Variacíon del contenido de cafeína y humedad en el procesamiento de la yerba mate. Anales del VIII Congreso Argentino de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos. Buenos Aires: Asociación Argentina de Tecnólogos de Alimentos. 48–56.Google Scholar
  26. Vázquez, A. and P. Moyna. 1986. Studies on mate drinking. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 18:267–272.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations