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Economic Botany

, Volume 65, Issue 4, pp 345–355 | Cite as

Comparison of the Homegardens of Eight Cultural Groups in Jinping County, Southwest China1

  • Huyin HuaiEmail author
  • Wei Xu
  • Guangjun Wen
  • Weirong Bai
Article

Abstract

Comparison of the Homegardens of Eight Cultural Groups in Jinping County, Southwest China. Species growing in 124 homegardens in 15 villages inhabited by 8 cultural groups living in Jinping County, southwest China, were recorded, together with information on the uses of the species and other features of the gardens. Data were gathered using key informant interviews, participatory observation, and ecological sampling. The results showed that production of food for domestic use was the main function of the gardens. Other uses included plants for income generation, household-level construction, local health care, and for ecological purposes (confined to higher altitude homegardens). The primary floristic variation in the gardens was related to climatic change with altitude, with variations in the use of the gardens to grow plants for local healthcare being also significant. Homegardens can be clustered into two groups based on floristic composition—lower altitude gardens (including Dai, Zhuang, Homg, and Lahu) and higher altitude gardens (including Yao, Yi, Hani, and Han). Both cultural conservatism and a readiness to adapt to new economic conditions are reflected in the characteristics of the gardens. Homegardens maintain considerable conservation value as repositories of several species of endangered plants and several species of medicinal plants that are over-collected in the wild.

Key Words

Homegarden floristic composition structure function Jinping 

中国云南金平县8个民族传统庭园的比较. 采用关键人物访谈、参与式观察和样方法对金平苗族瑶族傣族自治县境内的8个民族15村寨124个传统庭园内的植物种类组成、用途及其它民族植物学知识进行了调查。结果显示,研究地区传统庭园的主要功能是为庭园拥有人提供食物,其次还包括种植一些经济植物以获取现金收入、提供家庭用建筑材料、提供日常所用的药材和生态用途(主要在高海拔地区)等用途。根据研究地区庭园内植物种类组成明显分为低海拔庭园(包括傣、壮、苗和拉祜)和高海拔庭园(包括瑶、彝、哈尼和汉)2组。庭园内的主要植物种类组成受海拔高度的影响,传统医药知识保留状况也对其有一定影响。文化的保守性和对新经济环境的适应性都反映在庭园的特征上。研究地区的传统庭园也对一些濒危植物和野生资源退化的植物物种的保护具有积极意义。

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 30770220 and 30570167). Many thanks to Dr. Alan Hamilton for assisting with the English. The authors also thank Mr. Mao Longhua, Yu Zhiyong, and Pu Zhifu for their assistance in field work.

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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Bioscience and BiotechnologyYangzhou UniversityYangzhouChina

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