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Economic Botany

, 63:397 | Cite as

Estimating the Local Value of Non-Timber Forest Products to Pendjari Biosphere Reserve Dwellers in Benin

  • Fifanou G. VodouhêEmail author
  • Ousmane Coulibaly
  • Charlotte Greene
  • Brice Sinsin
Article

Abstract

Estimating the Local Value of Non-Timber Forest Products to Pendjari Biosphere Reserve Dwellers in Benin. This paper uses an indices method based on participant ranking of species to quantify use–values of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) and the socio-economic factors that influence these values for people living around the Pendjari Biosphere Reserve in Benin. There were 76 species identified that had a high index value to people. The 10 most valued species were Parkia biglobosa, Adansonia digitata, Vitellaria paradoxa, Tamarindus indica, Lannea microcarpa, Vitex doniana, Hibiscus asper, Melochia corchorifolia, Khaya senegalensis, and Diospyros mespiliformis. Species values were influenced by the vegetative form of the species as well as by the gender of a participant and his/her affiliation to the ethnic group. The study also illustrates that women had a preference for NTFP species with high commercial and nutritional values, while men preferred plants that provide construction material and medicine. Moreover, the ethnic group that historically had more contact and interaction with the vegetation valued NTFPs more than any other group. The difference in value attributed to species by people was also driven by the vertical transmission of ethnobotanical knowledge in the study area. For long-term biodiversity conservation, it will be useful to involve the needs of all of the local communities in the design of a management plan and focus attention on the most important species.

Key Words

Local values non-timber forest products Pendjari biosphere reserve Benin 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the International Foundation of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden, through a grant to Vodouhe G. Fifanou (N. D/4158-1). We also thank the “Maison des Sciences de l’Homme Ange-Guépin” and Man and Biosphere – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization for their financial and technical assistance. We thank Gaoué Orou Gandé, Glèlè Kakaï Romain, Assogbadjo Achille, and Robert Voeks, for their helpful advice. The authors are grateful to all participants interviewed during this work for their time and willingness to share their knowledge.

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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fifanou G. Vodouhê
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ousmane Coulibaly
    • 2
  • Charlotte Greene
    • 3
  • Brice Sinsin
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée, Faculté des Sciences AgronomiquesUniversité d’Abomey-CalaviCotonouBenin
  2. 2.International Institute of Tropical AgricultureCotonouBenin
  3. 3.Department of GeographyCalifornia State University FullertonFullertonUSA

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