Economic Botany

, 62:376 | Cite as

A New, Commercially Valuable Chanterelle Species, Cantharellus californicus sp. nov., Associated with Live Oak in California, USA

  • David Arora
  • Susie M. Dunham
Special Mushroom Issue


A New, Commercially Valuable Chanterelle Species, Cantharellus californicus sp. nov., Associated with Live Oak in California, USA. The prominent golden chanterelle of California’s oak woodlands is characterized as a new species, Cantharellus californicus sp. nov., using molecular and morphological data. Our observations indicate that it is the largest Cantharellus species in the world, with individual sporocraps commonly weighing 1/2 kilogram (kg) (or 1 pound) or more when mature. Other Cantharellus species in California are compared and evaluated, including their known ectomycorrhizal hosts. The California oak chanterelle is an economically valuable species, and some observations on its commercial harvest are presented.

Key Words

Cantharellus Chanterelle Internal transcribed spacer (ITS–RFLP) Live oak Mushroom harvest Oak chanterelle Wild edible fungi 



We are extremely grateful to the following people for providing collections, guidance, and valuable information for this study: Steve Bowen, David Campbell, David Chambers, David Eichorn, Sarah Flowers, Connie Green, Lisa Grubisha, Tonya Haff, Freddie Menge, Alan Mohr, Steven Pencall, Ron Petersen, Randex, Kevin Sadlier, Hugh Smith, Trent Valvo, Debbie Viess, and Nathan Wilson. We also thank Erica Swenson for her invaluable laboratory work, Scott Redhead for his valuable suggestions for improving the manuscript, and Jim Trappe for providing the Latin diagnosis.

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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Forest ScienceOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA

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