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American Journal of Potato Research

, Volume 97, Issue 1, pp 23–32 | Cite as

Effects of Earliness on Heat Stress Tolerance in Fifty Potato Cultivars

  • Guodong Zhang
  • Ruimin Tang
  • Suyan Niu
  • Huaijun SiEmail author
  • Qing Yang
  • Benoit Bizimungu
  • Sharon Regan
  • Xiu-Qing LiEmail author
Article
  • 62 Downloads

Abstract

Heat stress can seriously reduce the tuber yield of potato (Solanum tuberosum). Early maturing cultivars are usually less affected by heat than late cultivars, which is explained by the avoidance of long exposure to summer temperatures due to the short growing time of early maturing cultivars. To determine whether there are other mechanisms involved in heat tolerance of early cultivars, we conducted correlation analysis between field earliness and growth performance of 50 potato cultivars under both heat-stressed (HS, day/night 35 °C/28 °C) and control conditions (CK, day/night 22 °C/18 °C). We classified the 50 cultivars into 8 scales of earliness and grouped them into early, intermediate and late groups based on the information on field plant maturity in Canada. We found that cultivars known to be early in the field grew similar to late cultivars under heat stress in the greenhouse in terms of traits evaluated, such as chlorophyll content and plant height. Compared with late cultivars, the early cultivars did not show any sign of early maturity under heat stress conditions. The HS/CK ratios of chlorophyll content, plant height, and largest tuber weight (tuber size) were all significantly greater in early cultivars than in late cultivars. Tuber size and field earliness were negatively correlated in CK but positively correlated under heat stress. Clearly, in addition to avoidance, other mechanisms (such as pleiotropic effects of earliness genes) were involved in the better performance of early cultivars under heat stress. These results indicated that the cultivars reprogramed their plant maturity and development under heat stress.

Keywords

Potato varieties Maturity High temperature Chlorophyll content Plant height Tuber number Tuber size 

Resumen

El agobio térmico puede reducir seriamente el rendimiento de tubérculo en papa (Solanum tuberosum). Las variedades precoces generalmente se afectan menos por el calor que las tardías, lo que se explica porque evitan exposición prolongada a temperaturas del verano, debido al corto tiempo de crecimiento de las variedades precoces. Para determinar si hay otros mecanismos involucrados en la tolerancia al calor en las variedades tempranas, hicimos un análisis de correlación entre lo temprano en el campo y el comportamiento del crecimiento de 50 variedades de papa bajo agobio térmico (HS,día/noche 35 °C/28 °C) y condiciones testigo (CK, día/noche 22 °C/18 °C). Clasificamos las 50 variedades en 8 escalas de precocidad y las agrupamos en tempranas, intermedias y tardías, con base en la información de madurez de la planta en el campo en Canadá. Encontramos que las variedades conocidas por ser tempranas en el campo crecieron de manera similar a las tardías bajo condiciones de agobio térmico en el invernadero en términos de los caracteres evaluados, tales como el contenido de clorofila y la altura de la planta. Al compararse con las variedades tardías, las precoces no mostraron ninguna señal de precocidad de madurez bajo las condiciones de agobio térmico. Las proporciones HS/CK del contenido de clorofila, altura de planta, y el mayor peso de tubérculo (tamaño), todos fueron significativamente mas altos en las variedades tempranas que en las tardías. El tamaño del tubérculo y la precocidad del rendimiento estuvieron correlacionados negativamente en CK, pero positivamente bajo el agobio térmico. Claramente, además de la evasión, estuvieron involucrados otros mecanismos (tales como efectos pleiotrópicos de genes de precocidad) en el mejor comportamiento de las variedades tempranas bajo agobio térmico. Estos resultados indicaron que las variedades reprogramaron su madurez y desarrollo bajo el agobio térmico.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by A-base funding of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (to XQL). We thank the China Scholarship Council for its support to GDZ and RT, Muhammad Haroon and Lana Nolan for their general support during the preparation of this manuscript, the reviewers for their constructive and valuable comments, and John Gillan and the entire AAFC Fredericton greenhouse management team for taking care of the plants.

Supplementary material

12230_2019_9740_MOESM1_ESM.docx (279 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 279 kb)
12230_2019_9740_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (23 kb)
ESM 2 (XLSX 22 kb)

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Copyright information

© The Potato Association of America 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gansu Provincial Key Laboratory of Arid land Crop Science/Gansu Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic and Germplasm EnhancementGansu Agricultural UniversityLanzhouChina
  2. 2.College of AgronomyGansu Agricultural UniversityLanzhouChina
  3. 3.Fredericton Research and Development CentreAgriculture and Agri-Food CanadaFrederictonCanada
  4. 4.College of Life SciencesNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingChina
  5. 5.Institute of BioengineeringZhengzhou Normal UniversityZhengzhouChina
  6. 6.College of Life Science and TechnologyGansu Agricultural UniversityLanzhouChina
  7. 7.Department of BiologyQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada

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