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American Journal of Potato Research

, Volume 92, Issue 4, pp 473–482 | Cite as

Site, Year and Cultivar Effects on Relationships Between Periderm Nutrient Contents and Common Scab Severity

  • Václav Krištůfek
  • Jiří Diviš
  • Marek Omelka
  • Jan Kopecký
  • Markéta Sagová-Marečková
Article

Abstract

Common scab (CS) severity was assessed in relationship to mineral contents of potato periderm in 18 cultivars varying in maturity period and CS susceptibility. Two field experiments, one repeated in 3 years, were conducted. The effect of site, cultivar and growing period on the disease severity was always significant but not that of year to year variability. Zn, Mn and Fe periderm contents were related to site, while Ca content to cultivar effects. In both experiments, the CS severity was positively correlated to calcium and negatively to phosphorus periderm content, while correlations of CS severity to other nutrients were dependent on site or year. Since soil pH, Ca and P soil contents were not different between sites, relatively small differences in other soil chemical characteristics combined with specific cultivar nutrient requirements seemed to determine the CS severity.

Keywords

Common potato scab Streptomyces scabies Micronutrients Common scab resistance 

Resumen

Se analizó la severidad de la roña común (CS) en relación con el contenido mineral del peridermo de papa en 18 variedades que difieren en período de madurez y en susceptibilidad a CS. Se condujeron dos experimentos de campo, uno de ellos repetido en tres años. El efecto del lugar, la variedad y el período de crecimiento sobre la severidad de la enfermedad fue siempre significativo pero no el de variabilidad de año con año. El contenido de Zn, Mn, y Fe en el peridermo estuvo relacionado al lugar, mientras que el contenido de Ca a los efectos por variedad. En ambos experimentos la severidad de CS se correlacionó positivamente al calcio y negativamente al contenido de fosforo en el peridermo, mientras que las correlaciones de la severidad de CS a otros nutrientes estuvo dependiente del sitio o el año. Considerando que el pH del suelo y el contenido de Ca y P en el suelo no fueron diferentes entre lugares, las relativamente pequeñas diferencias en otras características químicas del suelo, en combinación con los requerimientos nutrimentales específicos por variedad, aparentemente determinaron la severidad de CS.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic (Institutional Research Concept RO0415 and grant No. QJ1210359)

Supplementary material

12230_2015_9456_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (545 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 544 kb)

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Copyright information

© The Potato Association of America 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Václav Krištůfek
    • 1
  • Jiří Diviš
    • 2
  • Marek Omelka
    • 3
  • Jan Kopecký
    • 4
  • Markéta Sagová-Marečková
    • 4
  1. 1.Biology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republicv. v. i., Institute of Soil BiologyČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  2. 2.Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of South BohemiaČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  3. 3.Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Department of Probability and Mathematical StatisticsCharles UniversityPrague 8Czech Republic
  4. 4.Crop Research InstitutePrague 6Czech Republic

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