American Journal of Potato Research

, Volume 92, Issue 4, pp 455–472 | Cite as

Review of Potato Molecular Markers to Enhance Trait Selection

  • Alisa P. Ramakrishnan
  • Carol E. Ritland
  • Raul H. Blas Sevillano
  • Andrew Riseman
INVITED REVIEW

Abstract

Noncommercial varieties of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) harbor genetic potential for improvements of disease resistance and abiotic stress tolerance in commercial potato cultivars; however, introducing traits from noncommercial varieties to breeding stock can be extremely labor intensive. Molecular genetic markers closely associated with a trait can be used to decrease the time spent phenotyping varieties. Here we review genetic markers that have been used for marker-assisted selection (MAS) in potato. Most MAS markers have been used to detect disease resistance genes, and our review focuses on those markers. Complex traits such as cold, drought and viral tolerance can be studied by comparing expressed genes; next-generation sequencing technologies will help in the discovery of trait-specific molecular markers. This review aids in summarizing the potential of these molecular tools when breeding for complex traits in potato.

Keywords

Solanum tuberosum Marker-assisted selection Breeding Molecular marker Genomics Disease resistance 

Resumen

Las variedades no comerciales de papa (Solanum tuberosum L.) poseen potencial genético para mejoramiento de resistencia a enfermedades y tolerancia al agobio abiótico en variedades comerciales de papa; no obstante, la introducción de caracteres de variedades no comerciales al acervo de mejoramiento puede involucrar extremadamente intensa mano de obra. Se pueden usar marcadores genéticos moleculares cercanamente asociados a un carácter para disminuir el tiempo que se usa en la descripción fenotípica de variedades. Aquí revisamos los marcadores genéticos que se han usado para selección asistida con marcadores (MAS) en papa. La mayoría de los marcadores MAS se han usado para detectar genes de resistencia a enfermedades, y nuestra revisión se enfoca en ellos. Caracteres complejos como tolerancia al frío, a la sequía y a virus se pueden estudiar mediante comparación de genes expresados; las tecnologías de secuenciación de la siguiente generación ayudarán en el descubrimiento de marcadores moleculares específicos por carácter. Esta revisión ayuda a resumir el potencial de estas herramientas moleculares cuando se hace mejoramiento para caracteres complejos en papa.

Supplementary material

12230_2015_9455_MOESM1_ESM.docx (230 kb)
Supplementary Table 1(DOCX 229 kb)

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Copyright information

© The Potato Association of America 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alisa P. Ramakrishnan
    • 1
  • Carol E. Ritland
    • 1
  • Raul H. Blas Sevillano
    • 2
  • Andrew Riseman
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Forest and Conservation Sciences, Faculty of ForestryUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Facultad de AgronomíaNational Agricultural La Molina University (Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina)LimaPeru
  3. 3.Centre for Sustainable Food Systems–UBC FarmUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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