The Botanical Review

, Volume 85, Issue 3, pp 273–291 | Cite as

Phytogeography and Floristic Affinities of Woody Plants in “Los Montes de María”, a Tropical Dry Forest Fragment in the Colombian Caribbean

  • Jorge D. Mercado-GómezEmail author
  • Fran Y. Herazo-Vitola
  • María E. Morales-Puentes


The phytogeographic and floristic connections of the “Montes de Maria” (MM: north of Colombia) were analyzed through Geographic Information Systems, at worldwide, Neotropical and in Colombia scales in order to determine its geographical origin and floristic affinities. We estimated that genera are mostly of the Neotropical (74%) and Nearctic (26%) origin. At the Neotropical level, MM is located at the Pacific dominion and shares species with the Mesoamerican dominion. In addition, shares species with the Chaqueña, Antilles subregions, and the South American and Mexican transition zones. At the regional level, the MM is located between Guajira and Magdalena provinces, although is floristically more similar to Guajira province. MM shape a floristic unit together with other fragments of dry forest in the Colombian Caribbean, which is highly related to dry forests of the inter-Andean valleys. In addition, the floristic origin of MM is associated to dry flora of Mesoamerica, nonetheless it was also influenced by the Amazonian and the Sabana province.


Angiosperms Biogeography Deciduous Forest Caribbean Distribution 



Thank to the División de investigaciónes de la Universidad de Sucre for the financial support. Furthermore, to Luis Angel Escobar Foundation for the partial financial support through its scholarship program to Herazo-Vitola. Also, thanks to UPTC herbarium, Biological Systematic group (SisBio) and to the Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia. In addition, we give thanks to Ricardo Kriebel for his commentaries to the manuscript and the English revision.

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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorge D. Mercado-Gómez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fran Y. Herazo-Vitola
    • 1
  • María E. Morales-Puentes
    • 2
  1. 1.Grupo Evolución y Sistemática Tropical, Departamento de Biología y QuímicaUniversidad de SucreSincelejoColombia
  2. 2.Grupo Sistemática Biológica, Herbario UPTCUniversidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de ColombiaTunjaColombia

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