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The Botanical Review

, Volume 85, Issue 1, pp 78–106 | Cite as

Feeding and Other Gall Facets: Patterns and Determinants in Gall Structure

  • Bruno G. FerreiraEmail author
  • Rafael Álvarez
  • Gracielle P. Bragança
  • Danielle R. Alvarenga
  • Nicolás Pérez-Hidalgo
  • Rosy M. S. IsaiasEmail author
Article
  • 89 Downloads

Abstract

Galls are neoformed structures induced by specific animals, fungi, bacteria, virus or some parasitic plants on their host plant organs. Developmental processes are well known in Agrobacterium tumefasciens galls, but the animal-induced galls have a striking anatomical diversity, concerning several patterns, which were reunited herein. Anatomical traits observed in animal-induced galls involve manipulation of plant morphogenesis in convergent ways. Nematode, mite and insect galls usually contain homogeneous storage parenchyma and develop due to hyperplasia and cell hypertrophy. The development of typical nutritive tissues, giant cells, or hypertrophied vascular bundles may occur. Some other anatomical features may be usually restricted to galls induced by specific taxa, but they may eventually be related to the developmental potentialities of the host plants. The combination of distinct morphogenetic peculiarities in each gall system culminates in extant gall structural diversity. Convergent anatomical traits are observed according to the feeding mode of the gall inducers, representing potentiation or inhibition of similar events of host plant morphogenesis and cell redifferentiation, independent of gall-inducing taxa.

Keywords

Cell redifferentiation Eriophyidae galls Insect galls Nematode galls Nutritive tissue Plant anatomy 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES, Brazil) provided the scholarship for BGF doctoral internship in Universidad de León, Spain (99999.003956/2015-06); and doctoral scholarship for GPB and BGF. Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq, Brazil) provided a doctoral scholarship for BGF (140226/2017-6), a postdoctoral grant for BGF (171182/2017-0), and research grants for RMSI (307011/2015-1). Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG, Brazil) provided financial resources for project execution (APQ-02617-15), and a scholarship for DRA.

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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno G. Ferreira
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Rafael Álvarez
    • 3
  • Gracielle P. Bragança
    • 2
  • Danielle R. Alvarenga
    • 2
  • Nicolás Pérez-Hidalgo
    • 4
  • Rosy M. S. Isaias
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Botany, Instituto de BiologiaUniversidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Department of BotanyUniversidade Federal de Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Molecular BiologyUniversidad de LeónLeónSpain
  4. 4.Department of Genetics, Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología EvolutivaUniversidad de ValenciaValenciaSpain

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