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The Botanical Review

, 74:469 | Cite as

The Subfamily Mutisioideae (Asteraceae)

  • Liliana Katinas
  • John Pruski
  • Gisela Sancho
  • María Cristina Tellería
Article

Abstract

The subfamily Mutisioideae (74 genera, ca. 865 species), which comprises three tribes, Mutisieae (43 genera, ca. 500 species), Nassauvieae (25 genera, ca. 315 species), and Stifftieae (six genera, 48 species), is analyzed at the generic level. A total of 87 genera traditionally related to Mutisioideae were studied. The genera of Mutisioideae are described and illustrated, and keys to tribes and genera are given. Corollas, anthers, styles, and pollen, are analyzed and discussed. The styles (smooth, rugulose to papillose, papillae short and rounded) constitute the main characters for delimiting the subfamily. The presence and distribution of the style papillae support the recognition of three tribes, although other characters as corolla shape contribute to their definition. The pollen of Nassauvieae can be clearly differentiated from the pollen of Mutisieae and Stifftieae. The morphology supports the exclusion of Brachylaena, Cloiselia, Dicoma, Duseniella, Erythrocephalum, Gladiopappus, Hesperomannia, Macledium, Moquinia, Pasaccardoa, Pleiotaxis, Tarchonanthus, and Warionia but not the exclusion of other taxa, for example, Hecastocleis, the Gochnatia complex, or the Ainsliaea group members.

Keywords

Asteraceae Mutisioideae Corolla Style Pollen 

Resumen

La subfamilia Mutisioideae (74 géneros, ca. 865 especies), que comprende tres tribus, Mutisieae (43 géneros, ca. 500 especies), Nassauvieae (25 géneros, ca. 315 especies), y Stifftieae (6 géneros, 48 especies), es analizada a nivel genérico. Se estudió un total de 87 géneros que tradicionalmente fueron relacionados a Mutisioideae. Se describen e ilustran los géneros de Mutisioideae, y se proveen claves para las tribus y los géneros. Se analizan y discuten las corolas, anteras y estilos. Los caracteres del estilo (glabro, ruguloso a papiloso, las papilas cortas y redondeadas) son los más importantes para delimitar la subfamilia. La presencia y distribución de las papilas del estilo ayudan al reconocimiento de las tres tribus, aunque otros caracteres como la forma de la corola contribuyen a su definición. El polen de Nassauvieae se puede diferenciar claramente del polen de Mutisieae y Stifftieae. La morfología apoya la exclusión de Brachylaena, Cloiselia, Dicoma, Duseniella, Erythrocephalum, Gladiopappus, Hesperomannia, Macledium, Moquinia, Pasaccardoa, Pleiotaxis, Tarchonanthus, y Warionia, pero no la exclusión de otros taxa, por ejemplo, Hecastocleis, los miembros del complejo Gochnatia o del grupo Ainsliaea.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Jorge Crisci and Bob Kowal for critical reading of the manuscript, and to Peter Hoch and Vicki Funk for their assistance and constant support. Jorge Crisci also provided some unpublished SEM photographs of Nassauvieae. Anonymous reviewers are also acknowledged for their helpful comments on an earlier version of this paper. Thanks are given to Susana Freire for helping with the Ainsliaea group, to Santiago Ortiz for comments and material on the African taxa, to Nicholas Hind for helping with material at Kew, to Melica Muñoz Schick for helping with literature and specimens of Chilean taxa, and to Dan Nicolson and Daniel Giuliano for nomenclatural advice. We also thank the curators of hebaria for loans of specimens, all the persons and institutions that granted permission to redraw their illustrations, and Hugo Calvetti for the designing of the SEM plates. The John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation (LK), the Latin American, Caribbean, and Iberian Studies (LACIS) program (LK), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina, Agencia de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica, Argentina, the Botany Department of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and the Missouri Botanical Garden are also acknowledged for their generous support.

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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liliana Katinas
    • 1
  • John Pruski
    • 2
  • Gisela Sancho
    • 1
  • María Cristina Tellería
    • 3
  1. 1.División Plantas VascularesMuseo de La PlataLa PlataArgentina
  2. 2.Missouri Botanical GardenSt. LouisUSA
  3. 3.Laboratorio de Sistemática y Biología Evolutiva (LASBE)Museo de La PlataLa PlataArgentina

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