Advertisement

Brittonia

, Volume 70, Issue 4, pp 455–477 | Cite as

A revision of the Miconia ulmarioides complex (Melastomataceae: Miconieae)

  • Nichole M. Tiernan
  • Fabián A. Michelangeli
Article

Abstract

A taxonomic revision is presented for ten species that comprise the Miconia ulmarioides complex (Melastomataceae: Miconieae). This group is characterized by four-merous flowers with four-locular ovaries, short, stout, pink to fuchsia anthers, punctiform or truncated styles and short outer calyx teeth. All species in the group are small trees and shrubs from the northern Andes in Colombia and Venezuela and the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and Coastal Cordillera of Venezuela, with one species (M. nubicola) endemic to Jamaica. Leandra ossaeoides is transferred to Miconia (as M. ossaeoides) and M. albertii is synonymized under M. ulmarioides. We designate new lectotypes for M. arbutifolia, M. spinulosa, M. inaperta, M. octoscenidium, M. spinulosa var. subintegrifolia, M. ulmarioides, M. aegrotans, and M. ulmarioides var. fendleri. Descriptions, morphological discussions, key to taxa, and photographs of key features are included for all species.

Keywords

Amblyarrhena Andes Jamaica taxonomy 

Resumen

Se present a una revisión taxonómica del complejo de Miconia ulmarioides (Melastomataceae: Miconieae). Este grupo se caracteriza por presentar flores tretrameras con ovarios 4-loculares, cáliz con dientes externos cortos, estambres cortos, robustos, rosados a fucsia, y estilos puntiformes o truncados. Todas las especies son árboles pequeños o arbustos del norte de los Andes en Colombia y Venezuela, la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta y la Cordillera de la Costa en Venezuela, con una especie (M. nubicola) endémica a Jamaica. Leandra ossaeoides es transferida a Miconia (como M. ossaeoides) y M. albertii es sinonimizada bajo M. ulmarioides. Se designan lectotipos para M. arbutifolia, M. spinulosa, M. inaperta, M. octoscenidium, M. spinulosa var. subintegrifolia, M. ulmarioides, M. aegrotans, and M. ulmarioides var. fendleri. Se incluyen para todas las especies descripciones, discusiones morfológicas, una clave para su identificación, así como fotografías para la mayoría de ellas.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We graciously thank the editor and two reviewers, Walter S. Judd and Humberto Mendoza, for their careful revision and insightful comments on a previous version of this manuscript. We thank the curators at BM, BR, CAS, COL, FLAS, K, MER, MO, NY, P, US and VEN for access to the collections and/or herbarium loans that made this work possible. We are also grateful to Walter S. Judd and Frank Almeda for providing photographs of live plants in the field. This research was supported by the National Science Foundation through the Planetary Biodiversity Inventory program (DEB-0818399). Elizabeth Kiernan prepared the distribution maps.

Literature cited

  1. Alain, H. 1957. Flora de Cuba. Part. 3, Melastomataceae. Pp. 9–62. In: Hmo. León & Hmo. Alain (eds.). Contribuciones ocasionales del Museo de Historia Natural del Colegio "de La Salle", vol. 16..Google Scholar
  2. Almeda, F. 2009. Melastomataceae. Pp. 164–338. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S, S. Knapp, F. Chiang (eds.). Flora Mesoamericana, vol. 4 (1). Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City.Google Scholar
  3. ———, R. Kriebel & G. Umaña. 2007. Melastomataceae. Pp. 395–574. In: B. E. Hammel, M. H. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds.). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica, vol. VI. Dicotiledóneas–Haloragaceae–Phytolaccaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Saint Louis, Missouri.Google Scholar
  4. Bécquer, E. R., W. S. Judd & L. C. Majure. 2017. Taxonomic revision of Miconia sect. Calycopteris (Melastomataceae, Miconieae) in Cuba. Brittonia (online first):  https://doi.org/10.1007/s1222.
  5. Cogniaux, C. A. 1891. Melastomaceae. G. Masson, Paris.Google Scholar
  6. Gamba, D. & F. Almeda. 2014. Systematics of the octopleura clade of Miconia (Melastomataceae: Miconieae) in tropical America. Phytotaxa 179: 1–174.Google Scholar
  7. Gleason, H. A. 1930. Studies of the flora of northern South America–xiv. Melastomataceae from Colombia and Ecuador. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 57: 63–75.Google Scholar
  8. ———. 1950. Observations on tropical American melastomes. Phytologia 3: 345–360.Google Scholar
  9. Goldenberg, G., F. Almeda, M. K. Caddah, A. B. Martins, J. Meirelles, F. A. Michelangeli & M. Weiss. 2013. Nomenclator botanicus for the neotropical genus Miconia (Melastomataceae: Miconieae). Phytotaxa 106: 1–171.Google Scholar
  10. ———, D. S. Penneys, F. Almeda, W. S. Judd, & F. A. Michelangeli. 2008. Phylogeny of Miconia (Melastomataceae): Patterns of stamen diversification in a megadiverse neotropical genus. International Journal of Plant Sciences 169: 963–979.Google Scholar
  11. IUCN. 2012. Iucn Red List categories and criteria: Version 3.1. Second edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
  12. IUCN Standards and Petitions Subcommittee. 2014. Guidelines for using the IUCN Red List categories and criteria. Version 11. Downloadable from: http://www.iucnredlist.org/documents/redlistguidelines.pdf.
  13. Judd, W. S. & G. M. Ionta. 2013. Taxonomic studies in the Miconieae (Melastomataceae). X. Revision of the species of the Miconia crotonifolia complex. Brittonia 65: 66–95.Google Scholar
  14. ———, E. R. Bécquer, J. J. D. Skean & L. C. Majure. 2014a. Taxonomic studies in the Miconieae (Melastomataceae). XII. Revision of Miconia sect. Miconiastrum, with emphasis on the Miconia bicolor complex. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 457–491.Google Scholar
  15. ———, E. R. Bécquer & L. C. Majure. 2014b. Taxonomic studies in the Miconieae (Melastomataceae). XI. A revision of Miconia sect. Calycopteris on Hispaniola. Brittonia 63: 216–249.Google Scholar
  16. ———, 2007. Revision of Miconia sect. Chaenopleura (Miconieae, Melastomataceae) in the Greater Antilles. Systematic Botany Monographs 81: 1–235.Google Scholar
  17. Liogier, H. A. 2000. Melastomataceae. Flora de la Española. Jardín Botánico Nacional Dr. Rafael Ma. Moscoso & Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo, Santo Domingo.Google Scholar
  18. Majure, L. C., W. S. Judd, G. Ionta, J. Skean Jr., E. R. Bécquer, J. Burke, D. S. Pennys, G. Ocampo, M. Alvear, R. Goldenberg, F. Almeda & F. A. Michelangeli. 2013. Evaluating morphological evolution in tribe Miconieae (Melastomataceae): homoplasy is the rule not the exception. Botany 2013. July 27–31. Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana.Google Scholar
  19. ———, W. S. Judd & F. A. Michelangeli. 2015. Taxonomic revision of the Greater Antillean pseudolima clade of Miconia (Miconia sect. Krugiophytum: Miconieae: Melastomataceae). Brittonia 67: 11–28.Google Scholar
  20. Martin, C. V. & G. Cremers. 2007. Les Melastomataceae américaines décrites par C. Naudin. Le Journal de Botanique 37: 3–111.Google Scholar
  21. ———, D. P. Little, R. Goldenberg & F. A. Michelangeli. 2008. A phylogenetic evaluation of Leandra (Miconieae, Melastomataceae): A polyphyletic genus where the seeds tell the story, not the petals. Cladistics 24: 315–327.Google Scholar
  22. Mcneill, J. 2014. Holotype specimens and type citations: General issues. Taxon 63: 1112–1113.Google Scholar
  23. ———, F. R. Barrie, W. R. Buck, V. Demoulin, W. Greuter, P. S. Hawksworth, P. S. Herendeen, S. Knapp, K. Marhold, J. Prado, W. F. Prud'homme Van Reine, G. F. Smith, N. J. Wiersema, & N. J. Turland. 2012. International code of nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne code). Koeltz Scientific Books.Google Scholar
  24. Michelangeli, F. A. 2005. A monograph of Tococa Aublet (Melastomataceae). Flora Neotropica Monographs 98: 1–114.Google Scholar
  25. ———, D. S. Penneys, J. Giza, D. Soltis, M. H. Hils, & J. D. Skean, Jr. 2004. A preliminary phylogeny of the tribe Miconieae (Melastomataceae) based on nrITS sequence data and its implications on inflorescence position. Taxon 53: 279–290.Google Scholar
  26. ———, W. S. Judd, D. S. Penneys, J. D. Skean, E. R. Bécquer-Granados, R. Goldenberg, & C. V. Martin. 2008. Multiple events of dispersal and radiation of the tribe Miconieae (Melastomataceae) in the Caribbean. Botanical Review 74: 53–77.Google Scholar
  27. Naudin, C. V. 1850. Melastomacearum monographicae descriptiones. Annales des Sciences Naturelles; Botanique, series 3, 16: 83–246.Google Scholar
  28. ———. 1851. Melastomacearum monographicae descriptiones. Annales des Sciences Naturelles; Botanique, series 3, 17: 305–382.Google Scholar
  29. Penneys, D. S., & W. S. Judd. 2005. A systematic revision and cladistic analysis of Charianthus (Melastomataceae) using morphological and molecular characters. Systematic Botany 30: 559–584.Google Scholar
  30. Proctor, G. R. 1972. Melastomataceae. Pp. 529–549. In: C. D. Adams (ed.). Flowering plants of Jamaica, Universityof the West Indies, Mona.Google Scholar
  31. Skean J. D. Jr. 1993. Monograph of Mecranium (Melastomataceae-Miconieae). Systematic Botany Monographs 39: 1–116.Google Scholar
  32. Thiers, B. 2014. Index herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. Website: http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/.
  33. Triana, J. 1871. Les melastomacées. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 28: 1–188.Google Scholar
  34. Wurdack, J. J. 1970. Certamen Melastomataceis XV. Phytologia 20: 369–389.Google Scholar
  35. ———. 1973. Melastomataceae. Pp. 1–819. In T. Lasser (ed.). Flora de venezuela, vol. VIII. Instituto Botánico, Caracas.Google Scholar
  36. ———. 1980. Melastomataceae. In G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador, no. 13., vol. 406. University of Goteborg, Swedish Natural Science Research Council, Stockohlm.Google Scholar
  37. ———, S. S. Renner & T. Morley. 1993. Melastomataceae. Flora of the Guianas. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, Germany.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Center for Tropical Botany, Department of Biological SciencesFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Fairchild Tropical Botanic GardenCoral GablesUSA
  3. 3.The New York Botanical GardenInstitute of Systematic BotanyBronxUSA

Personalised recommendations