, Volume 65, Issue 1, pp 16–41 | Cite as

A taxonomic revision of Pleiochiton (Melastomataceae, Miconieae)

  • Marcelo ReginatoEmail author
  • José Fernando Andrade Baumgratz
  • Renato Goldenberg


The genus Pleiochiton has frequently been recognized by dubious characters and seldom treated in taxonomic and floristic surveys. Nevertheless, monophyly of the genus has been highly supported by recent molecular and morphological data, and it can be morphologically recognized by the epiphytic growth and succulent roots. Following the current circumscription, the genus has 12 species, all endemic to the Atlantic Forest sensu stricto in eastern Brazil. The species occur in well conserved middle elevation forests and most are narrowly distributed, with four recorded from only a single locality. In this paper we present a taxonomic revision of the genus and provide an identification key, distribution maps, descriptions, and illustrations for all species. The new species P. amorimii is described, and the known distribution of the genus is expanded northwards, into the “brejos de altitude” of Pernambuco state.

Key Words

Atlantic Rain Forest Clidemia epiphyte Leandra taxonomy 



We are thankful to the curators of cited herbaria for loan of specimens; New York Botanical Garden SEM’s laboratory and Fabián A. Michelangeli for help with SEM work; Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro for accommodation and access to herbarium; the two anonymous manuscript reviewers and the journal editor for their very helpful comments. Authors were recipient of grants from CNPq–Brazil (master degree for M.R. and “Produtividade em Pesquisa” for R.G. and J.F.A.B.).


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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcelo Reginato
    • 1
    Email author
  • José Fernando Andrade Baumgratz
    • 2
  • Renato Goldenberg
    • 3
  1. 1.The New York Botanical GardenBronxUSA
  2. 2.Diretoria de Pesquisa CientíficaInstituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de JaneiroJardim BotânicoBrasil
  3. 3.Centro Politécnico, Pós-Graduação em BotânicaUniversidade Federal do ParanáCuritibaBrasil

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