Advertisement

Kew Bulletin

, 74:14 | Cite as

Compendium of Freziera (Pentaphylacaceae) of South America including eleven new species and the typification of 22 names

  • Daniel Santamaría-AguilarEmail author
  • Alexandre K. Monro
Article

Summary

As part of a revision of neotropical Freziera (Pentaphylacaceae) we provide a compendium of the 63 species we recognise for South America including the description, illustration and extinction threat assessment of 11 new species, typification of 22 names and a new combination for Freziera rufescens (Kobuski) D. Santam. & A. K. Monro based on F. canescens forma rufescens. The new species described are Freziera alata A. L. Weitzman ex D. Santam. & A. K. Monro; F. croatii D. Santam. & A. K. Monro; F. ecuadoriensis D. Santam. & A. K. Monro; F. golondrinensis D. Santam. & A. K. Monro; F. monteagudoi D. Santam. & A. K. Monro; F. neei D. Santam. & A. K. Monro; F. peruana D. Santam. & A. K. Monro; F. risaraldana D. Santam. & A. K. Monro; F. siraensis D. Santam. & A. K. Monro; F. trollii D. Santam. & A. K. Monro and F. uniauriculata A. L. Weitzman ex D. Santam. & A. K. Monro. Nine species were assessed as Vulnerable to extinction and two species were assessed as Endangered with extinction. We propose lectotypifications for Eurya inaequalifolia Lingelsh., Freziera arbutifolia Planch. & Triana., F. boliviensis Wawra, F. calophylla Triana & Planch., F. candicans Tul., F. canescens Bonpl., F. chrysophylla Bonpl., F. ferruginea Wawra, F. grisebachii Krug & Urb., F. hieronymi Kobuski, F. lanata (Ruiz & Pav.) Tul., F macrophylla Tul., F. microphylla Sandwith, F. monzonensis (Melch.) Kobuski, F. nervosa Bonpl., F. reticulata Bonpl., F. sericea Bonpl., F. spathulifolia (Melch.) Kobuski, F. suberosa Tul., F. tomentosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Tul., F. wawrai Urb. and F. yungasia Tul.

Keywords

Bolivia Brazil Colombia Ecuador Peru taxonomy Theaceae Venezuela 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the staff of A, BM, CR, F, GH, K, LPB, LSU, MO, MOL, NO, NY, PMA, USJ, USM and SCZ for assisting us during herbarium visits, and for specimen loans and images, Anita Barley for the illustrations of the new species, Nicholas Hind for comments on the typifications, Catia Canteiro for comments on the extinction threat assessments and Rafael Govaerts for providing information on accepted names. In addition, the first author thanks the Bentham-Moxon Trustees for financial support of his visit to the Kew herbarium; the Missouri Botanical Garden for the Elizabeth E. Bascom Fellowship, the Harvard University Herbaria and the Missouri Botanical Garden for their support and hospitality during my stay in these institutions, also to Shirley C. Tucker Herbarium at Louisiana State University for providing the support and resource necessary for this endeavor; and finally, to Laura P. Lagomarsino for her encouragement and support. We are grateful to the photographers and institutions that made their images available: Chris Davidson, Robin Foster, Alfredo Fuentes, Alwyn H. Gentry, J. G. Graham, John P. Janovec, Laura P. Lagomarsino, Olga M. Montiel, Alvaro J Pérez Castañeda, Carmen Ulloa Ulloa, João Paulo F. Zorzanelli; and Atrium Biodiversity Information System of Botanical Research Institute of Texas & San Diego Zoo Global and Missouri Botanical Garden. Lastly, we are grateful to the two anonymous reviewers of this manuscript for their constructive comments.

References

  1. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group — APG (2016). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 181: 1 – 20.Google Scholar
  2. Arroyo Padilla, L. (1993). Theaceae D. Don. In: T. J. Killeen, E. García Estigarribia & S. G. Beck (eds), Guía de Árboles de Bolivia, pp. 777 – 782. Herbario Nacional de Bolivia & Missouri Botanical Garden, Edit. Quipus srl., La Paz.Google Scholar
  3. Bachman, S., Moat, J., Hill, A. W., de la Torre, J. & Scott, B. (2011). Supporting Red List threat assessments with GeoCAT: geospatial conservation assessment tool. In: V. Smith & L. Penev (eds), e-Infrastructures for data publishing in biodiversity science. ZooKeys 150: 117 – 126, and GeoCAT. Geospatial Conservation Assessment Tool. [Online]. Available from: http://geocat.kew.org/. Accessed 14 April 2017.
  4. Baptiste, B., Pinedo-Vasquez, M., Gutierrez-Velez, V. H., Andrade, G. I., Vieira, P., Estupiñán-Suárez, L. M., Londoño, M. C., Laurance, W. & Lee, T. M. (2017). Greening peace in Colombia. Nat. Ecol. Evol. 1: 0102.Google Scholar
  5. Berry, P. E. & Weitzman, A. L. (2005). Ternstroemiaceae. In: P. E. Berry, K. Yatskievych & B. K. Holst (eds), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 9: 300 – 308, Rutaceae – Zygophyllaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.Google Scholar
  6. Berry, P. E. & Weitzman, A. L. (2008). Ternstroemiaceae. In: O. Hokche, P. E. Berry & O. Huber (eds), Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela, pp. 638 – 640. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, Caracas.Google Scholar
  7. Blume, C. L. (1856). Museum botanicum Lugduno-Batavum 2: 1 – 256. E. J. Brill, Leiden.Google Scholar
  8. Bonpland, A. (1805, published 1808). In: A. von Humboldt & A. Bonpland, Plantae Aequinoctiales, per Regnum Mexici, in Provinciis Caracarum et Nova Andalusiae, in Peruvianorum, Quitensium, Novae Granate Andibus, ad Orinoci, Fluvi Nigri, Fluminis Amazonum tipas nascentes. 1: 1 – 234. F. Schoell, Paris.Google Scholar
  9. Britton, N. L. (1889). An enumeration of the plants collected by Dr. H. H. Rusby in South America, 1885 – 1886. Part XVI. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 16: 61 – 64.Google Scholar
  10. Choisy, J. D. (1855). Memoire sur les Familles des Ternstroemiacees et Camelliacees. Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 14: 1 – 95.Google Scholar
  11. Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2018). Pentaphylacaceae. In: M. J. M. Christenhusz, M. Fay & J. W. Byng (eds), The Global Flora. A practical flora to vascular plant species of the world. GLOVAP nomenclature Part 1. p. 144. Plant Gateway.Google Scholar
  12. Cuello, N. A. & Santamaría-Aguilar, D. (2015). A. new species of Freziera (Pentaphylacaceae) from the Venezuelan Andes. Harvard Pap. Bot. 20: 147 – 150.Google Scholar
  13. Deng, J. Z., Starck, S. R. & Hecht, S. M. (2000). Pentacyclic triterpenoids from Freziera sp. that inhibit DNA polymerase. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 8, 247 – 250.Google Scholar
  14. Dorr, L. J., Stergios, B., Smith, A. R. & Cuello, N. A. (2000). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Guaramacal National Park, Portuguesa and Trujillo states, Venezuela. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 40: 1 – 155.Google Scholar
  15. Forrest, J. L., Sanderson, E. W., Wallace, R., Siles, T. M. L., Gómez, L. H. C. & Coppolillo, P. (2008). Patterns of Land Cover Change in and Around Madidi National Park, Bolivia. Biotropica 40: 285 – 294.Google Scholar
  16. Gentry, A. H. (1981). New species and a new combination in Palmae, Theaceae, Araliaceae, Apocynaceae, and Bignoniaceae from the Choco and Amazonian Peru. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 68: 112 – 121.Google Scholar
  17. Global Forest Watch (2014). Interactive Map. World Resources Institute. Available from: www.globalforestwatch.org. Accessed 09 June 2017.
  18. Global Plants database (2017). Available from: plants.jstor.org. Accessed 11 November 2017.
  19. Gradstein, S. R. (2017). Freziera. In: R. Bernal, S. R. Gradstein & M. Celis (eds), Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. Available from: http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co. Accessed 08 November 2017.
  20. Hiepko, P. (1987). The collections of the Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem (B) and their history. Englera 7: 219 – 252.Google Scholar
  21. Hieronymus, G. (1895). Plantae Lehmannianae in Guatemala, Costarica, Columbia et Ecuador collectae, additis quibusdam ab aliis collectoribus ex iisdem regionibus necnon e Venezuela et Peruvia allatis, quas determinavit et descripsit adjuvantibus aliis auctoribus. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 1 – 72.Google Scholar
  22. Hieronymus, G. (1896). Plantae steubelianae novae, quas descripsit adjuvantibus aliis auctoribus. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 21: 306 – 378.Google Scholar
  23. Hirth, S. (2014). Pentaphylacaceae. In: P. M. Jørgensen, M. Nee & S. G. Beck, Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Bolivia. 2 Vols, Pp. 1007 – 1008. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St Louis.Google Scholar
  24. Holtmeier, F. K. (2015). Carl Troll: His footprints in physical geography. Prog. Phys. Geogr. 39: 554 – 565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code) (ICN) (2011). Available from: http://www.iapt-taxon.org/nomen/main.php. Accessed 05 June 2017.
  26. IUCN [International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Species Survival Commission]. (2001). IUCN Red List Categories: Version 3.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland and Cambridge.Google Scholar
  27. IUCN Red List of threatened species (2017). Available from: www.iucnredlist.org. Accessed 11 November 2017.
  28. IUCN Standards and Petitions Subcommittee. (2016). Guidelines for using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 12. Prepared by the Standards and Petitions Subcommitttee, 101 pp. Available from: http://www.iucnredlist.org/documents/RedListGuidelines.pdf. Accessed 29 April 2017.
  29. Jiménez, Q. & Santamaría, D. (2015). Freziera, Theaceae. In: B. E. Hammel, M. H. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds), Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Vol. VIII. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 131: 393 – 406.Google Scholar
  30. Knapp, S. (2008). Lectotypification of Ruiz and Pavón’s names in Solanum (Solanaceae). Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 65: 307 – 329.Google Scholar
  31. Kobuski, C. E. (1938). Studies in Theaceae. III. Eurya subgenera Euryodes and Penteurya. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 25: 299 – 359.Google Scholar
  32. Kobuski, C. E. (1941). Studies in the Theaceae, VIII. A synopsis of the genus Freziera. J. Arnold Arbor. 22: 457 – 496.Google Scholar
  33. Kobuski, C. E. (1942). Studies in the Theaceae XII. Notes on the South American species of Ternstroemia. J. Arnold Arbor. 23: 298 – 343.Google Scholar
  34. Kobuski, C. E. (1951). Studies in the Theaceae, XXII. Some new species of Theaceae in South America. J. Arnold Arbor. 32: 152 – 154.Google Scholar
  35. Kobuski, C. E. (1952). Theaceae. In: Contributions to the Flora of Venezuela II (J. A Steyermark and Collaborators). Fieldiana, Bot. 28: 380 – 384.Google Scholar
  36. Kobuski, C. E. (1953). Studies in the Theaceae, XXVII. Miscellaneous new species in Theaceae. J. Arnold. Arbor. 34: 125 – 137.Google Scholar
  37. Korthals, P. W. (1841). Verhandelingen over de natuurlijke geschiedenis der Nederlandsche overseesche Bezittingen, Botanie 4: 115, t. 7. Leiden.Google Scholar
  38. Kuntze, O. (1891). Revisio Generum Plantarum 1: 1 – 374. A. Felix, Leipzig.Google Scholar
  39. Lanjouw, J. & Stafleu, F. A. (1954). Index herbariorum, part 2, 1. Regnum Veg. Utrecht.Google Scholar
  40. Li, W., Fu R. & Dickinson R. E. (2006). Rainfall and its seasonality over the Amazon in the 21st century as assessed by the coupled models for the IPCC AR4. J. Geophys. Res. 111: D02111, DOI:10.1029/2005JD006355.Google Scholar
  41. Lingelsheim, A. (1909). In: A. Lingelsheim, F. Pax & H. Winkler, Plantae novae bolivianae. II. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 7: 107 – 114.Google Scholar
  42. Little, E. L. (1969). New tree species from Esmeraldas, Ecuador (continued). Phytologia 18: 457 – 472.Google Scholar
  43. Macbride, J. F. (1956). Theaceae. Flora of Peru. Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 13: 726 – 741.Google Scholar
  44. Melchior, H. (1925). Theaceae. In: A. Engler & K. Prantl (eds), Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien (2nd edn). pp. 109 – 154. Engelmann, Leipzig.Google Scholar
  45. Merello, M. (2011). Pentaphylacaceae. In: A. Idárraga-Piedrahita, R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello (eds), Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, Listado de las plantas vasculares del departamento de Antioquia, pp. 745 – 746. Series Biodiversidad y Recursos Naturales. Universidad de Antioquia, Missouri Botanical Garden & Oficina de planeación departamental de la gobernación de Antioquia, Editorial D’Vinni, Bogotá.Google Scholar
  46. Monteagudo Mendoza, A. L., Valenzuela Gamarra, L., Vásquez Martínez, R., del Pilar Rojas Gonzáles, R., Phillips, O. L. & Lopez-Gonzalez, G. (2014). Primer catálogo de los árboles y afines de la Reserva Comunal El Sira, Perú/ First Catalogue of Tree species of the Communal Reserve Sira, Peru. Arnaldoa 21: 127 – 164.Google Scholar
  47. Nee, M. H. (2008). Flora de la Región del Parque Nacional Amboró, Bolivia, Dillenidae 3: 1 – 255. Fundación Amigos de la Naturaleza, Santa Cruz.Google Scholar
  48. Pittier, H. (1922). New or noteworthy plants from Colombia and Central America 8/ Theaceae. A new species of Eurya from Panama. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 20: 453 – 490.Google Scholar
  49. Pool, A. (2001). Theaceae. In: W. D. Stevens, C. Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel (eds), Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: 2443 – 2448.Google Scholar
  50. Ruiz, H. & Pavón, J. (1794.) Florae Peruvianae, et Chilensis Prodromus 1 – 150. Imprenta de Sancha, Madrid.Google Scholar
  51. Ruiz, H. & Pavón, J. (1958). Flora Peruviana, et Chilensis, sive descriptions, et icones plantarum Peruvianarum, et Chilensium, secundum systema Linnaeanum digestae, cum characteribus plurium generum evulgatorum reformatis. Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 5: 355 – 462.Google Scholar
  52. Rusby, H. H. (1893). On the collections of Mr. Miguel Bang in Bolivia. Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 3: 1 – 67.Google Scholar
  53. Rusby, H. H. (1907). An enumeration of the plants collected in Bolivia by Miguel Bang. Part 4. With descriptions of new genera and species. Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4: 309 – 470.Google Scholar
  54. Sandwith, N. Y. (1943). Freziera microphylla Sandwith, Theaceae, Tribus Ternstroemieae. Hooker's Icon. Pl. 35, t. 3450.Google Scholar
  55. Santamaría-Aguilar, D. (2015). Validation of two names and the description of a new species of Freziera (Pentaphylacaceae) from the Peruvian Andes. Harvard Pap. Bot. 20: 69 – 76.Google Scholar
  56. Santamaría-Aguilar, D., Fuentes, A. F. & Lagomarsino, L. P. (2018). Three new species of Freziera (Pentaphylacaceae, Freziereae) from Bolivia and Peru. Phytotaxa 349: 101 – 114.Google Scholar
  57. Santamaría-Aguilar, D. & Lagomarsino, L. P. (2015). Cuatro nuevas especies y un nuevo registro de Freziera (Pentaphylacaceae) de Ecuador and Perú. J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 9: 89 – 102.Google Scholar
  58. Santamaría-Aguilar, D. & Lagomarsino, L. P. (2017). Two new Pentaphylacaceae species from southern Central America. Brittonia 69: 100 – 108.Google Scholar
  59. Santamaría-Aguilar, D., Monro, A. K., Jiménez-Madrigal, Q. & Lagomarsino, L. P. (2014). Two new species of Freziera (Pentaphylacaceae) from Costa Rica. Harvard Pap. Bot. 19: 219 – 225.Google Scholar
  60. Santamaría-Aguilar, D., Neill, D. A. & Lagomarsino, L. P. (2016). A new species of Freziera (Pentaphylacaceae) from Ecuador with large leaves and flowers. Edinburgh J. Bot. 73: 292 – 296.Google Scholar
  61. Santamaría-Aguilar, D. & Ortiz, R. D. C. (2016). Freziera dasycarpa (Pentaphylacaceae), a new species from the montane forest of Antioquia, Colombia. Phytotaxa 263: 279 – 285.Google Scholar
  62. Shorthouse, D. P. (2010). SimpleMappr, an online tool to produce publication-quality point maps. Retrieved from http://www.simplemappr.net. Accessed July 2018.
  63. Standley, P. C. (1931). Studies of American plants V. Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 8: 295 – 398.Google Scholar
  64. Swenson J. J., Carter C. E., Domec J-C. & Delgado C. I. (2011). Gold mining in the Peruvian Amazon: global prices, deforestation, and mercury imports. PloS ONE 6: e18875.Google Scholar
  65. Szyszylowicz, I. V. (1893). Theaceae. In: H. G. A. Engler & K. Prantl (eds), Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien 3 (6): 157 – 192. Engelmann, Leipzig.Google Scholar
  66. Triana, J. & Planchon, J. E. (1862). Prodromus Florae Novo-Granaten ou énumeration des plantes de la Nouvelle-Grenade, avec description des espécies nouvelles. Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 18: 258 – 381.Google Scholar
  67. Tropicos Database (2017). Available from: tropicos.org (last accessed: 11 Nov. 2017).
  68. Tulasne, R. L. (1847). Flore de la Colombie. Plantes Nouvelles. Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 3. 8: 326 – 343.Google Scholar
  69. Ulloa Ulloa, C., Acevedo-Rodríguez, P., Beck, S., Belgrano, M. J., Bernal, R., Berry, P. E., Brako, L., Celis, M., Davidse, G., Forzza, R. C., Gradstein, S. R., Hokche, O., León, B., León-Yánez, S., Magill, R. E., Neill, D. A., Nee, M., Raven, P. H., Stimmel, H., Strong, M. T., Villaseñor, J. L., Zarucchi, J. L., Zuloaga, F. O. & Jørgensen, P. M. (2017). An integrated assessment of the vascular plant species of the Americas. Science 358: 1614 – 1617.Google Scholar
  70. Urban, I. (1896a). Additamenta ad cognitionem Florae Indiae occidentalis. Particula III. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 514 – 638.Google Scholar
  71. Urban, I. (1896b). Patascoya, eine neue Ternstroemiaceen-Gattung. Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 14: 282 – 283.Google Scholar
  72. van der Werff, H. (1993). Theaceae. In: L. Brako & J. L. Zarucchi (eds), Catalogue of the flowering plants and Gymnosperms of Peru/Catálogo de las Angiospermas y Gimnospermas del Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45: 1144 – 1146.Google Scholar
  73. Villaseñor Ríos, J. L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico/ Catálogo de las plantas vasculares nativas de México. Revista Mex. Biodivers. 87: 559 – 902.Google Scholar
  74. Wawra von Fernsee, H. (1886). Ternstroemiaceae. In: C. F. P. von Martius (ed.), Flora Brasiliensis 12: 261 – 334. Monachii & Lipsiae [Munich & Leipzig]Google Scholar
  75. Weitzman, A. L. (1987a). Systematics of Freziera Willd. (Theaceae). Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Ph.D. Thesis.Google Scholar
  76. Weitzman, A. L. (1987b). Taxonomic studies in Freziera (Theaceae), with notes on reproductive biology. J. Arnold Arbor. 68: 323 – 334.Google Scholar
  77. Weitzman, A. L. (1999). Theaceae. In: P. M. Jørgensen & S. León-Yánez (eds), Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: 923 – 924.Google Scholar
  78. Weitzman, A. L., Dressler, S. & Stevens, P. F. (2004). Ternstroemiaceae. In: K. Kubitzki (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Flowering Plants. Dicotyledons. Vol. 6: 450 – 460. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  79. Zorzanelli, J. P. F., Carrijo, T. T., Fiaschi, P., Jardim, J. G., Santamaría-Aguilar, D. & Amorim, A. M. (2015). A first record of Freziera (Pentaphylacaceae) from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, with the description of a new species. Syst. Bot. 40: 1075 – 1080.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Santamaría-Aguilar
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Alexandre K. Monro
    • 3
  1. 1.Shirley C. Tucker Herbarium, Biological Sciences Department, Louisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA
  2. 2.Missouri Botanical GardenSt. LouisUSA
  3. 3.HerbariumRoyal Botanic Gardens, KewRichmondUK

Personalised recommendations