Advertisement

Kew Bulletin

, Volume 68, Issue 2, pp 233–247 | Cite as

Taxonomic revision of Talinum (Talinaceae) in Bolivia with a note on the occurrence of Phemeranthus (Montiaceae)

  • J. Moises Mendoza F.
  • John R. I. WoodEmail author
Article

Summary

An account of the five species of Talinum native to Bolivia based on field and herbarium studies is presented. Line drawings, photographs and SEM images of seeds highlight differences in habit, inflorescence and seed morphology. A key to the species is provided and notes on diagnostic characteristics, ecology and distribution are provided. Talinum porphyreum M. Mend. & J. R. I. Wood is described as new. Additionally Phemeranthus punae (R. E. Fr.) Eggli & Nyffeler, long placed in Talinum, is recorded for the first time from Bolivia, indicating the presence of the genus Phemeranthus in Bolivia. The opportunity is taken to lectotypify this species.

Key Words

Conservation lectotypification new species Paraguay taxonomy 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the support of the Darwin Initiative Project 162/11/010 which financed the field work which showed the diversity of Talinum in the Bolivian inter-Andean valleys. We are also grateful to Eliana Calzadilla (USZ) for preparing the illustrations which accompany this paper, to Robert Scotland (OXF) for preparing the SEM photos of the seeds and to John Baker for help in assembling the images. We are especially grateful to Mario Giorgetti for providing the photographs of Phemeranthus punae and information about its occurrence in the Tupiza area. We also express our thanks to CTES for the loan of the type of Talinum nocturnum and the herbaria at BM, BOLV, E, HSB, K, LPB and USZ for permitting access to their specimens.

References

  1. Adanson, M. (1763). Familles des plantes. Vol. 2. Vincent, Paris.Google Scholar
  2. Arnott, G. A. Walker (1831). On some new species of Portulaceae. Edinburgh. J. Nat. Geogr. Sci. 3: 354 – 355.Google Scholar
  3. Bacigalupo, N. M. (1993). Talinum nocturnum N. M. Bacigal. (Portulaceae), una nueva especie del Chaco Paraguayo. In: L. Ramella & P. Perret (eds), Notulae ad Floram paraquaiensem. Candollea 48(2): 511 – 516.Google Scholar
  4. Carolin, R. (1985). Notas sobre Portulacaceae de la Argentina. Parodiana 3: 329 – 332.Google Scholar
  5. Foster, R. C. (1958). A catalogue of the ferns and flowering plants of Bolivia. Contr. Gray Herb. 184: 1 – 223.Google Scholar
  6. Fries, R. E. (1905). Zur Kenntnis der Alpen Flora im Nördlichen Argentinien. Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. Ser. 4, 1: 1 – 205.Google Scholar
  7. Gaertner, J. (1791). De fructibus et seminibus plantarum, Vol. 2, part 2. G. H. Schramm, Tübingen.Google Scholar
  8. Grisebach, A. H. R. (1879). Symbolae ad floram argentinum. Dieterich, Göttingen.Google Scholar
  9. IUCN (2001). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. IUCN, Gland and Cambridge.Google Scholar
  10. Jacquin, N. J. (1760). Enumeratio systematica plantarum quas in Insulis Caribaeis vicinaque Americes continente detexit novas aut jam cognitas emendavit. Apud T. Haak, Lugduni Batavorum.Google Scholar
  11. Jussieu, A. L. de (1789). Genera plantarum. Viduam Herissant et Theophilum Barrois, Paris.Google Scholar
  12. Linnaeus, C. (1759). Systema Naturae, ed. 10, vol. 2. Stockholm.Google Scholar
  13. ____ (1762). Species Plantarum ed. 2, vol. 1. Uppsala.Google Scholar
  14. ____ (1771). Mantissa plantarum altera. Stockholm.Google Scholar
  15. Mabberley, D. J. (2008). Mabberley’s Plant-Book. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  16. Nee, M. (2004). Flora de la Región del Parque Nacional Amboró Bolivia. Vol. 2. Editorial FAN, Santa Cruz.Google Scholar
  17. Nyffeler, R. (2007). The closest relatives of cacti: Insights from phylogenetic analyses of chloroblast and mitochondrial sequences with special emphaqsis on relationships in the tribe Anacampseroteae. Amer. J. Bot. 94: 89 – 101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. ____ & Eggli, U. (2010). Distintegrating Portulaceae: A new familial classification of the suborder Portulacineae (Caryophyllales) based on molecular and morphological data. Taxon 59: 227 – 240.Google Scholar
  19. Price, T. A. & Ferguson, D. J. (2012). A new combination in Phemeranthus (Montiaceae) and notes on the circumscription of Phemeranthus and Talinum (Talinaceae) from the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico. Novon 22: 67 – 69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wijnands, D. O. & Westphal-Stevels, J. M. C. (1985). Proposal [785] to change the citation and nomenclature of the conserved type of 2406 Talinum Adanson. Taxon 34: 309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Willdenow, C. L. (1799). Species Plantarum Vol. 2. ed. 4. G. C. Nauk, Berlin.Google Scholar
  22. Zuloaga, F. O., Morrone, O., Belgrano, M. J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 107: i – xxi, 2287 – 3348.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Herbario del Oriente Boliviano (USZ)Museo de Historia Natural “Noel Kempff Mercado”CasillaBolivia
  2. 2.University of OxfordDepartment of Plant SciencesOxfordUK
  3. 3.Honorary Research Associate, Royal Botanic GardensRichmond, Surrey,UK

Personalised recommendations