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Folia Geobotanica

, Volume 50, Issue 2, pp 151–159 | Cite as

Taxonomy of Scilla albanica Turrill (Asparagaceae)

  • Zoltán BarinaEmail author
  • Dániel Pifkó
  • Marash Rakaj
  • Sándor Barabás
Article

Abstract

We aimed to clarify the taxonomic position of the poorly known Scilla albanica, described Albania ca 80 years ago in which completely fell into oblivion because of the lack of any confirming records of the taxon. Morphological, cytological and ecological comparisons with supposedly related taxa are presented based on collected living and herbarium material, on type material, and by using previously published results. Our studies concluded that S. albanica is a distinct species with remarkable morphological differences with regards to related taxa. The chromosome number of S. albanica is 2n  =  20. Unlike related taxa, all occurring on limestone, S. albanica is restricted to serpentine bedrock in northeastern Albania, without any known occurrences on other substrates and with a very limited distribution range, but showing large population sizes and occurring in a wide range of habitats. According to our results, four species previously assigned to the Scilla litardierei complex can be distinguished in the Balkan Peninsula: Scilla albanica, S. lakusicii, S. litardierei and S. messeniaca.

Keywords

cytology S. lakusicii S. litardierei S. messeniaca type 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank Gino Luka (Firenze, Italy) for his help in resolving Albanian toponyms, Francis Lagarde (France), Jean-Paul Mandin (France), Jonathan Bisson (Villenave, France) and Bohumil Trávniček (Olomouc, Czech Republic) for their help in acquiring literature sources, Balázs Pintér (Budapest, Hungary), and Maria Jug-Dujaković (Split, Croatia) for their help during field works, Franz Speta (Linz) for sharing his experiences about Scilla albanica, and our reviewers for their valuable comments. This research was supported by the OTKA K104443 grant.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zoltán Barina
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dániel Pifkó
    • 1
  • Marash Rakaj
    • 2
  • Sándor Barabás
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BotanyHungarian Natural History MuseumBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural SciencesUniversity of Shkodra “Luigj Gurakuqi”ShkodërAlbania
  3. 3.Department of Botany and Soroksár Botanical GardenCorvinus University of BudapestBudapestHungary

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