Folia Geobotanica

, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 347–367 | Cite as

Phylogeny, Life History Evolution and Biogeography of the Rhinanthoid Orobanchaceae

  • Jakub Těšitel
  • Pavel Říha
  • Šárka Svobodová
  • Tamara Malinová
  • Milan Štech
Article

Abstract

Rhinanthoid Orobanchaceae form a monophyletic lineage that include the hemiparasitic genera Euphrasia, Melampyrum, Tozzia, Bartsia, Nothobartsia, Odontites (s.l.), Rhinanthus, Rhynchocorys, Parentucellia, Hedbergia and holoparasitic Lathraea. In this study, we aimed to reconstruct the phylogeny, evolution of life-history traits (life cycle and seed size) and explain the extant biogeographical patterns in this group. For phylogenetic reconstruction, we used molecular data obtained by sequencing the nuclear ITS region and the chloroplast trnT-trnL intergenic spacer and matK + trnK regions. The genus Melampyrum was found to occupy the sister position to the rest of the group. The other genera were assembled in the sister Rhinanthus-Rhynchocorys-Lathraea and Bartsia-Euphrasia-Odontites subclades. The reconstruction of life-cycle evolution yielded ambiguous results suggesting nonetheless a substantially higher likelihood of perenniality compared to annuality in most ancestor lineages. Seed size varied across two orders of magnitude (average weight per seed: 0.02–7.22 mg) and tended to decrease in the Bartsia-Euphrasia-Odontites subclade compared to the rest of the group. Seed-size evolution was correlated with life-history evolution in the group if the generally small-seeded Bartsia-Euphrasia-Odontites subclade is excluded. We formulated hypotheses relating the extant biogeographical affinities of individual genera to the geological history of the Euro-Caucasian diversity center of the group. Notable dispersal events in Euphrasia and Bartsia were hypothesized to be allowed or at least facilitated by a specific combination of the life-history traits.

Keywords

Dispersal Hemiparasitism Life history Parasitic plants Phylogenetic independent contrasts Vicariance 

Supplementary material

12224_2010_9089_MOESM1_ESM.doc (149 kb)
ESM 1(DOC 149 kb)

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Copyright information

© Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jakub Těšitel
    • 1
  • Pavel Říha
    • 1
  • Šárka Svobodová
    • 1
  • Tamara Malinová
    • 1
  • Milan Štech
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of ScienceUniversity of South BohemiaČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic

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