Folia Geobotanica

, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 425–442 | Cite as

Modelling the Population Dynamics of Root Hemiparasitic Plants Along a Productivity Gradient

Article

Abstract

Root hemiparasitic plants interact with their host plants through parasitism and competition. The interactions can be divided into aboveground and belowground interactions. Because both groups of plants are autotrophic, they compete for light aboveground. Belowground interactions are more complex. The host plants compete for resources in the soil and the hemiparasitic plants prey on the host plants through haustoria, using the hosts as the main source of water and nutrients. In this paper, we modeled the relationship between these two plant types, extending the well-known Rosenzweig-MacArthur predator-prey model to cover both light competition and intra-specific parasitism among hemiparasites. We included a realistic relationship of carrying capacity to environmental productivity and followed model behavior on a productivity gradient. The model shows that, at very low productivities, there are only a few poor hosts and hemiparasites have no chance to persist. As productivity increases, there is a range of productivity where both plant types coexist. A further increase in productivity gets the system out of the coexistence range, and only host plants survive. This final prediction successfully explains patterns observed in empirical data, contrary to the results of an earlier, oversimplified model of the explored interaction. Comparison of various models demonstrates that the model is able to reproduce the decline of hemiparasites with increasing productivity only when competition for light is included.

Keywords

Hemiparasites Light competition Productivity gradient Rosenzweig-MacArthur model 

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Copyright information

© Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Botany, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of South BohemiaČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of EntomologyBiology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  3. 3.Institute of Mathematics and Biomathematics, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of South BohemiaČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic

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