Folia Geobotanica

, 44:399 | Cite as

Molecular Data Helps Traditional Taxonomy: Re-evaluation of Reseda collina (Resedaceae), and a New Record for Europe

Article

Abstract

Reseda collina is included in Reseda section Phyteuma, a monophyletic and morphologically well-defined group that is also characterized by taxonomic problems regarding species circumscription. The status of this species has been controversial, usually being subordinated to the widespread R. phyteuma. A study of R. collina and allied taxa based on morphological and molecular (nuclear ITS, plastid trnL-F) data supports the taxonomic identity of R. collina and its separation from R. phyteuma. An epitype is designated to support the holotype and prevent future nomenclature problems. In addition, our molecular and morphological analyses suggest that some problematic southeastern Iberian populations, previously identified as R. phyteuma, belong to R. collina, which implies a new European record for this species that was previously considered as a northwestern African endemic. Following this finding, biogeographic relationships between the southern Iberian Peninsula and northwestern Africa are also discussed.

Keywords

Arid regions Ibero-North African endemic Molecular systematics Reseda section Phyteuma Taxonomy Typification 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank M. Míguez and F.J. Fernández for technical support; the curators of ALME, AMD, BM, C, DBN, E, GDA, GH, HUAL, IBF, K, MA, MGC, O, RNG, S, SEV, UPOS and UPS herbaria for the loan of specimens, granting permission for DNA extractions and providing photographs of type material. We are also grateful to M. Escudero, M. Luceño and to two anonymous reviewers for their critical comments on the manuscript. The Royal Botanic Garden of Madrid kindly provided facilities for using the electron microscope. This research was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology and the Andalusian Government through the projects CGL2005-06017-C02-02/BOS and P06-RMM-4128, respectively. The experiments performed for this research comply with the current laws of Spain.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Santiago Martín-Bravo
    • 1
  • Pedro Jiménez-Mejías
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemical EngineeringPablo de Olavide UniversitySevillaSpain

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