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Probiotics and prebiotics potential for the care of skin, female urogenital tract, and respiratory tract

  • Mariela BustamanteEmail author
  • B. Dave Oomah
  • Wanderley P. Oliveira
  • César Burgos-Díaz
  • Mónica Rubilar
  • Carolina Shene
Review
  • 110 Downloads

Abstract

The prebiotics and probiotics market is constantly growing due to the positive effects of its consumption on human health, which extends beyond the digestive system. In addition, the synbiotic products market is also expanding due to the synergistic effects between pre- and probiotics that provide additional benefits to consumers. Pre- and probiotics are being evaluated for their effectiveness to treat and prevent infectious diseases in other parts of the human body where microbial communities exist. This review examines the scientific data related to the effects of pre- and probiotics on the treatment of diseases occurring in the skin, female urogenital tract, and respiratory tract. The evidence suggests that probiotics consumption can decrease the presence of eczema in children when their mothers have consumed probiotics during pregnancy and lactation. In women, probiotics consumption can effectively prevent recurrent urinary tract infections. The consumption of synbiotic products can reduce respiratory tract infections and their duration and severity. However, the outcomes of the meta-analyses are still limited and not sufficiently conclusive to support the use of probiotics to treat infectious diseases. This is largely a result of the limited number of studies, lack of standardization of the studies, and inconsistencies between the reported results. Therefore, it is advisable that future studies consider these shortcomings and include the evaluation of the combined use of pre- and probiotics.

Keywords

Probiotics Prebiotics Skin Female urogenital system Respiratory tract 

Abbreviatons

AD

Atopic dermatitis

AV

Aerobic vaginitis

BMI

Body mass index

BV

Bacterial vaginosis

DF

Dietary fiber

DM

Diabetes mellitus

FOS

Fructooligosaccharides

GMH

Glucomannan hydrolysates

GOS

Galactooligosaccharides

LRT

Lower respiratory tract

MJ

Megajoule

QoL

Quality of life

RTIs

Respiratory tract infections

SCORAD

Scoring Atopic Dermatitis Index

SDG

Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside

SIBO

Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth

Th

T-helper cell

URT

Upper respiratory tract

UTIs

Urinary tract infections

VVC

Vulvovaginal candidiasis

Notes

Authors’ contribution

Mariela Bustamante conceived, designed, and wrote the review. B. Dave Oomah, Wanderley P. Oliveira, César Burgos-Díaz, Mónica Rubilar, and Carolina Shene provided ideas and contributed to writing the manuscript.

Funding information

This research was supported by CONICYT through FONDECYT project 11160249.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center of Food Biotechnology and Bioseparations, Scientific and Technological Bioresource Nucleus, BIOREN and Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversidad de La FronteraTemucoChile
  2. 2.(Retired) Formerly with the National Bioproducts and Bioprocesses Program, Pacific Agri-Food Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food CanadaSummerlandCanada
  3. 3.Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Ribeirão Preto/FCFRPUniversidade de São PauloRibeirão Preto—SPBrazil
  4. 4.Agriaquaculture Nutritional Genomic Center, CGNATemucoChile
  5. 5.Centre for Biotechnology and Bioengineering (CeBiB)Universidad de La FronteraTemucoChile

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