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Folia Microbiologica

, Volume 62, Issue 3, pp 229–235 | Cite as

Effect of lantibiotic gallidermin against biogenic amine-producing faecal staphylococci from ostriches and pheasants

  • Andrea LaukováEmail author
  • Anna Kandričáková
  • Pavel Pleva
  • Leona Buňková
  • Jana Ščerbová
Article

Abstract

In ostriches and pheasants, there is still limited information relating to staphylococci and their properties. Biogenic amines (BAs) are nitrogenous low-molecular-weight substances with biological functions in animals, plants and microorganisms. In this study, we focused on BA production by targeted faecal staphylococci from ostriches and pheasants and their sensitivity to lantibiotic bacteriocin gallidermin. Gallidermin belongs in a group of polycyclic proteinaceous antimicrobial substances. Thirty-six faecal staphylococci (24 strains from 140 ostriches, 12 from 60 pheasants) comprising different species were tested. Staphylococci from ostriches and pheasants did not produce tryptamine-TRYP, putrescine–PUT, cadaverine–CAD or histamine–HIS. Production of tyramine-TYM, phenylethylamine–PEA was high or very high (100–1000 mg/L). Production of spermine–SPM and spermidine–SPD by staphylococci was very low or low although in the case of staphylococci from pheasants medium production of SPM was found. Because of the risk posed by BAs for consumers, the control of BA-producing bacteria is important from the points of view not only of safety assessment of food-producing animals but also of human health safety. The sensitivity to gallidermin in biogenic amine-producing staphylococci from ostriches and pheasants detected here is the most promising indication for further application of gallidermin for veterinary purposes. The novelty of our study lies in testing the ability of faecal staphylococci from ostriches and pheasants to produce BAs and in their treatment with gallidermin which has so far not been tested in this way.

Keywords

Sensitivity Gallidermin Staphylococci Ostriches Pheasants Biogenic amines 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Slovak Scientific Agency VEGA (project no. 2/0002/12 and 2/0004/14). The authors would like to thank Mrs. M. Bodnárová for her excellent technical assistance. The part of results regarding the staphylococcal identification of ostriches and pheasants was published in Foodborne Pathogens and Disease (Kandričáková et al. 2016) and in the International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 2015, 4, 788-797 by Lauková and Kandričáková.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Lauková
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anna Kandričáková
    • 1
  • Pavel Pleva
    • 2
  • Leona Buňková
    • 2
  • Jana Ščerbová
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Animal PhysiologySlovak Academy of SciencesKošiceSlovakia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Protection Engineering, Faculty of TechnologyTomáš Baťa University in ZlínZlínCzech Republic

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