Folia Microbiologica

, Volume 57, Issue 5, pp 415–419 | Cite as

Avidity of anti-neurocytoskeletal antibodies in cerebrospinal fluid and serum

  • L. Fialová
  • J. Švarcová
  • A. Bartos
  • I. Malbohan
Article

Abstract

Antibodies have different avidities that can be evaluated using modified enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) techniques. We determined levels and avidities of antibodies to light (NFL) and medium (NFM) subunits of neurofilaments and tau protein in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 26 patients and anti-tau antibody levels and their avidities in 20 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and 20 age- and sex-matched controls. Each sample was analyzed using both standard ELISA and also using a similar ELISA protocol with the addition of urea. The avidities of anti-neurocytoskeletal antibodies were higher in the CSF than those in serum (anti-NFL, p < 0.0001; anti-tau, p < 0.01; anti-NFM, n.s.). There was no relationship between avidities in serum and CSF for individual anti-neurocytoskeletal antibodies. We did not observe the relationship among the avidities of various anti-neurocytoskeletal antibodies. The avidities of anti-tau antibodies in the CSF were significantly higher in the MS patients than those in the controls (p < 0.0001). The study demonstrates the differences in avidities of CSF or serum neurocytoskeletal antibodies measured as the urea resistance by ELISA method. Avidity determination of anti-neurocytoskeletal antibodies could contribute to the evaluation of the immunological status of patients.

Abbreviations

BSA

Bovine serum albumin

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid

ELISA

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

Ig

Immunoglobulin

MS

Multiple sclerosis

NFL

The light subunit of neurofilament

NFM

Medium subunit of neurofilament

n.s.

Not significant

PBS

Phosphate-buffered saline

r

Spearman’s correlation coefficient

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Copyright information

© Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Fialová
    • 1
  • J. Švarcová
    • 1
  • A. Bartos
    • 2
    • 3
  • I. Malbohan
    • 1
  1. 1.First Faculty of Medicine and General University Hospital, Institute of Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory DiagnosticsCharles University in PraguePrague 2Czech Republic
  2. 2.Prague Psychiatric CenterBohniceCzech Republic
  3. 3.Third Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital Královské Vinohrady, Department of NeurologyCharles University in PraguePrague 10Czech Republic

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