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Folia Microbiologica

, 56:339 | Cite as

The ciliate, Troglodytella abrassarti, contributes to polysaccharide hydrolytic activities in the chimpanzee colon

  • I. Profousová
  • K. Mihaliková
  • T. Laho
  • Z. Váradyová
  • K. J. Petrželková
  • D. Modrý
  • S. KišidayováEmail author
Article

Abstract

Entodiniomorphid ciliates are intestinal protists inhabiting the colons of African great apes. The participation of intestinal entodiniomorphid ciliates in ape hindgut digestion has been proposed, but little data have been available to support the hypothesis. We measured the specific activities of carboxymethyl cellulase, xylanase, inulinase, and α-amylase against different polysaccharides in the feces of captive chimpanzees and evaluated the participation of the entodiniomorphid ciliate, Troglodytella abrassarti, in these activities. T. abrassarti contributed to the total fecal hydrolytic activities of CM-cellulase by 16.2%, α-amylase by 5.95%, and xylanase by 0.66%. Inulinase activity in T. abrassarti samples was not measurable at reaction conditions used. The ciliates, T. abrassarti, actively participate in the chimpanzee hindgut fermentation of fiber and starch.

Keywords

Xylanase Activity Herbivorous Mammal Wild Chimpanzee Amylolytic Activity Inulinase Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The study was supported by funds of The Scientific Grant Agency of the Ministry of Education of the Slovak Republic and the Slovak Academy of Sciences (VEGA 2/0009/08), Internal Grant Agency of VFU Brno 245/2009/FVL, Grant Agency of Czech Republic (524/06/0264 and 206/09/0927), and Slovak Research and Development Agency (APVV-SK-CZ-0086-07). We would like to thank people from Zoo Liberec, namely to P. Bolechová, S. Rohlová, J. Kyzlíková, and K. Kestler for their assistance with the sample collection.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Profousová
    • 1
    • 2
  • K. Mihaliková
    • 3
  • T. Laho
    • 3
  • Z. Váradyová
    • 3
  • K. J. Petrželková
    • 2
    • 4
  • D. Modrý
    • 1
    • 5
  • S. Kišidayová
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ParasitologyUniversity of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical SciencesBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicBrnoCzech Republic
  3. 3.Institute of Animal Physiology, Slovak Academy of SciencesKošiceSlovak Republic
  4. 4.Liberec ZooLiberecCzech Republic
  5. 5.Biology Centre, Institute of Parasitology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicCeske BudejoviceCzech Republic

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