Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 20, Issue 10, pp 2200–2206 | Cite as

An Experimental Study on Impact Resistance of Different Layup Configuration of Fiber Metal Laminates

  • Mohsen Mirzaee Sisan
  • Reza Eslami-FarsaniEmail author


Fiber metal laminates (FMLs) are composed of thin metal sheets and fiber-reinforced composite layers. Compared to monolithic aluminum alloys, FMLs combine lower density, higher fatigue resistance, and improved damage tolerance. The present study aimed to investigate the low-velocity impact induced by drop-weight instrument and the tensile strength on various lay-up configurations of FMLs fabricated. FML samples were composed of two layers of aluminum 2024-T3 and two layers of epoxy resin, which were reinforced with carbon fabric, glass fabric, and Kevlar fabric made in pairs. In addition, another type of FMLs was developed with carbon/Kevlar fabric under the same circumstances. Force-time histories of impact forces were recorded, and the damaged specimens were inspected using optical microscopy in terms of the impact side, nonimpact side, and cross-sectional side. Experimental results indicated that the maximum impact force corresponded to the FMLs that were composed of Kevlar fabric on the impact side and glass fabric on the non-impact side. In addition, the highest tensile strength and Young’s modulus among FMLs belonged to FML with Kevlar fabric and glass fabric.


Fiber metal laminate Carbon fibers Kevlar fibers Glass fibers Drop-weight impact 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. Vlot, Report LR-718, Delft University of Technology, Delft, 1993.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. Eslami-Farsani, S. M. R. Khalili, and V. Daghigh, Int. J. Damage Mech., 23, 729 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Zhu and G. B. Chai, J. Mater. Des. Appl., 228, 301 (2014).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Sadighi, R. C. Alderliesten, and R. Benedictus, Int. J. Impact Eng., 49, 77 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. Liu and B. Liaw, Appl Compos. Mater., 17, 43 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. R. Villanueva and W. J. Cantwell, Compos. Sci. Technol., 64, 35 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. H. Song, Y. S. Byun, T. W. Ku, W. J. Song, J. Kim, and B. S. Kang, J. Mater. Sci. Technol., 26, 327 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    B. Borgonge and M. S. Ypma, Appl. Compos. Mater., 10, 243 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. Reyes and H. Kang, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 16, 284 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Vlot, Int. J. Impact Eng., 18, 291 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    ASTM D7136/D7136M-07, “Standard Test Method for Measuring the Damage Resistance of a Fiber-reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite to a Drop-weight Impact Event”, Vol. 15, ASTM Book of Standards, 2005.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. R. Rajkumar, M. Krishna, H. N. Narasimha Murthy, S. C. Sharma, and K. R. Vishnu Mahesh, Int. J. Soft Comput. Eng., 1, 50 (2012).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    ASTM D 3039-00 “Standard Test Methods for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials”, Vol. 15, ASTM Book of Standards, 2000.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. M. Shokrieh, A. Saeedi, and M. Chitsazzadeh, J. Nanostruct. Chem., 3, 1 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    B. M. Liaw, Y. X. Liu, and E. A. Villars, “Proc. of the SEM Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics”, USA, 2001.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    B. M. Liaw, G. Zeichner, and X. Y. Liu, “Proc. of the SEM International Congress on Experimental Mechanics”, USA, 2000.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. Vlot, E. Kroon, and G. L. Rocca, Key. Eng. Mater., 141–143, 235 (1998).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. Sevkat, B. Liaw, and F. Delale, Mater. Des., 52, 67 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Materials Science and EngineeringK. N. Toosi University of TechnologyTehranIran

Personalised recommendations