In this study, we synthesized a novel N-halamine precursor, sulfuric acid mono-[2-(4-[4-chloro-6-(2-[4,4- dimethyl-2,5-dioxo-imidazolidin-1-yl]-ethylamino)-[1,3,5]triazin-2-ylamino]-benzenesulfonyl)-ethyl] ester sodium (TB), which contains two reactive groups of monochloro triazine reactive groups and bis-sulphatoethylsolphone reactive groups. The structure of TB is similar to iso-bifunctional group reactive dyes and could be coated on cotton fabrics by covalent bonds through a reactive dyeing process. The cotton coated with TB was characterized by FTIR and SEM. After chlorination, the treated cotton fabrics showed excellent antibacterial efficacy and inactivated all inoculated S. aureus (ATCC 6538) and E. coli O157: H7 (ATCC 43895) within 1 min of contact. Over 85 % of tensile strength retained both in warp and weft directions after treatment and chlorination. Almost 80 % of active chlorine can be regained by treating with household bleach after extensive washing and long time storage.
Iso-bifunctional group N-halamine Antibacterial Cellulose Dyeing process
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