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Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 19, Issue 12, pp 2574–2580 | Cite as

Influence of Hole Distance on Low Velocity Impact Damage

  • P. N. B. ReisEmail author
  • R. A. M. Santos
  • F. G. A. Silva
  • M. F. S. F. de Moura
Article
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Abstract

This work addresses the influence of the distance between a hole and the point of impact on low velocity impact damage on cross-ply carbon-epoxy laminates. Experimental tests were performed on plates without and with holes located at different distances relatively to impact point. Internal damage was assessed by means of the C-Scan technique in order to identify the influence of holes on induced internal damage. A three-dimensional numerical analysis including cohesive zone modelling was performed to evaluate the damage mechanism and to verify how it is affected by the holes distance. It was verified that a hole at a given distance from the impact point induces asymmetric damage, whose profile and size depend on the referred distance. On the other hand, symmetrical damage outline was obtained for a plate without hole and a plate with a centred hole. The model captures accurately the essence of the damage phenomenon and provided a thorough insight about the interaction of the hole presence on damage pattern.

Keywords

CFRP composite Low velocity impact Hole distance Cohesive zone model 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society, The Korea Science and Technology Center 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. N. B. Reis
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. A. M. Santos
    • 2
  • F. G. A. Silva
    • 3
    • 4
  • M. F. S. F. de Moura
    • 3
  1. 1.C-MASTUniversity of Beira InteriorCovilhãPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Aerospace SciencesUniversity of Beira InteriorCovilhãPortugal
  3. 3.Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do PortoPortoPortugal
  4. 4.INEGIPortoPortugal

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