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Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 19, Issue 7, pp 1395–1402 | Cite as

Surface-Modified Cellulose Nanocrystal-incorporated Poly(butylene succinate) Nanocomposites

  • Se Youn Cho
  • Min Eui Lee
  • Hyo Won Kwak
  • Hyoung-Joon Jin
Article

Abstract

In this work, surface acetylation of cellulose nanocrystals was performed to improve their interfacial adhesion with hydrophobic polymer matrix and to restore their thermal stability by removing the sulfate groups. The morphological, chemical, and thermal characteristics of the surface-modified cellulose nanocrystals (ACNs) were confirmed by field emission-transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Furthermore, poly(butylene succinate) (PBS)/ACNs nanocomposites were also prepared via melt-mixing process, and the reinforcing effects of ACNs on the thermal, mechanical, and biodegradable properties of the nanocomposites were investigated. The Young’s modulus and tensile strength of the PBS/ACN nanocomposites increased from 115.36 and 33.67 MPa for the neat PBS to 130.55 MPa and 39.97 MPa, respectively. The thermal stability and biodegradability of the nanocomposites also increased with increasing ACN content.

Keywords

Cellulose nanocrystals Surface acetylation Poly(butylene succinate) Nanocrystal reinforcement Nanocomposites 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Se Youn Cho
    • 1
    • 2
  • Min Eui Lee
    • 1
  • Hyo Won Kwak
    • 1
  • Hyoung-Joon Jin
    • 1
  1. 1.WCSL (World Class Smart Lab) of Green Lab., Department of Polymer Science and EngineeringInha UniversityIncheonKorea
  2. 2.Department of Industrial EngineeringUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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