Water-resistant Lignin/Poly(vinyl alcohol) Blend Fibers for Removal of Hexavalent Chromium
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Lignin is the second most abundant renewable biomass-derived natural resource that has been used to replace traditional petrochemical-based materials. However, fabricating the lignin component into the various forms required for practical application is still challenging. In this work, we fabricated water-resistant lignin/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) blend fibers by wet spinning and glutaraldehyde crosslinking methods. The effect of the lignin/PVA blend ratio and glutaraldehyde crosslinking process on the physicochemical properties of wet-spun lignin/PVA blend fibers were studied using maximum draw ratios, hydrolytic degradation profiles, and mechanical properties. Furthermore, the hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] removal behavior of lignin/PVA blend fibers was investigated according to the effect of pH, initial Cr(VI) concentration, and contact time. The wet-spun lignin/PVA blend fiber achieved excellent water stability through glutaraldehyde crosslinking and exhibited notable Cr(VI) adsorption capacity (350.87 mg/g) and good regeneration ability. These findings demonstrate that glutaraldehyde-crosslinked lignin/PVA blend fibers could be promising adsorbents for the remediation of heavy metal species containing textile wastewater.
KeywordsLignin Poly(vinyl alcohol) Fibers Hexavalent chromium Adsorption
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