Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 19, Issue 6, pp 1175–1183 | Cite as

Water-resistant Lignin/Poly(vinyl alcohol) Blend Fibers for Removal of Hexavalent Chromium

  • Hyo Won Kwak
  • Heechang Woo
  • Eui Hwa Kim
  • Ki Hoon Lee


Lignin is the second most abundant renewable biomass-derived natural resource that has been used to replace traditional petrochemical-based materials. However, fabricating the lignin component into the various forms required for practical application is still challenging. In this work, we fabricated water-resistant lignin/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) blend fibers by wet spinning and glutaraldehyde crosslinking methods. The effect of the lignin/PVA blend ratio and glutaraldehyde crosslinking process on the physicochemical properties of wet-spun lignin/PVA blend fibers were studied using maximum draw ratios, hydrolytic degradation profiles, and mechanical properties. Furthermore, the hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] removal behavior of lignin/PVA blend fibers was investigated according to the effect of pH, initial Cr(VI) concentration, and contact time. The wet-spun lignin/PVA blend fiber achieved excellent water stability through glutaraldehyde crosslinking and exhibited notable Cr(VI) adsorption capacity (350.87 mg/g) and good regeneration ability. These findings demonstrate that glutaraldehyde-crosslinked lignin/PVA blend fibers could be promising adsorbents for the remediation of heavy metal species containing textile wastewater.


Lignin Poly(vinyl alcohol) Fibers Hexavalent chromium Adsorption 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hyo Won Kwak
    • 1
  • Heechang Woo
    • 2
  • Eui Hwa Kim
    • 3
  • Ki Hoon Lee
    • 2
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringThe University of SheffieldSheffieldUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.Department of Biosystems & Biomaterials Science and EngineeringSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea
  3. 3.Department of Textile Materials EngineeringShinhan UniversityDongducheon, GyeonggiKorea
  4. 4.Center for Food and BioconvergenceSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea
  5. 5.Research Institute of Agriculture and Life SciencesSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea

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