Tertiary Amination/Hydroxypropylsulfonation of Cornstarch to Improve the Adhesion-to-Fibers and Film Properties for Warp Sizing
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To investigate the effects of tertiary amination/hydroxypropylsulfonation on the adhesion-to-fibers and film properties of corn starch for warp sizing, a series of tertiary aminated and hydroxypropylsulfonated corn starch (TAHPSS) samples were prepared by the tertiary amination and hydroxypropylsulfonation of acid-hydrolyzed corn starch (AHS) with 2- dimethylaminoethyl chloride hydrochloride (DMC-HCl) and 3-chloro-2-hydroxy-1-propanesulfonic acid sodium salt (CHPS-Na) simultaneously. The adhesion was evaluated by measuring the bonding force of starch to the fibers. The film properties were investigated in terms of tensile strength, breaking elongation, degree of crystallinity, and moisture regain. The results showed that tertiary amination/hydroxypropylsulfonation was able to increase bonding forces of starch to cotton and polyester fibers, enhance breaking elongation and moisture regain of the starch film and to decrease the tensile strength and degree of crystallinity of the film, thereby improving the adhesion and reducing film brittleness. Increasing the level of tertiary amination/hydroxypropylsulfonation was favorable for gradually improving the adhesion and decreasing the brittleness. The TAHPSS showed potential for use in cotton warp sizing.
KeywordsCornstarch Tertiary amination/hydroxypropylsulfonation Tertiary aminated and hydroxypropylsulfonated corn starch Adhesion-to-fibers Film properties
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