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Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 19, Issue 7, pp 1403–1410 | Cite as

Leveraging the Antibacterial Properties of Knitted Fabrics by Admixture of Polyester-Silver Nanocomposite Fibres

  • Prakash Khude
  • Abhijit Majumdar
  • Bhupendra Singh Butola
Article
  • 67 Downloads

Abstract

Leveraging the antibacterial properties of polyester-cotton knitted fabrics has been attempted in this research by admixture of small proportion of polyester-silver nanocomposite fibres. Polyester-cotton (50:50) yarns were spun by mixing 10, 20 and 30 % (wt.%) polyester-silver nanocomposite fibres with normal polyester fibres so that overall proportion of polyester fibre becomes 50 %. The proportion of cotton fibre was constant (50 %) in all the yarns. Three parameters, namely blend proportion (wt.%) of nanocomposite fibres, yarn count and knitting machine gauge were varied, each at three levels, for producing 27 knitted fabrics. Polyester-cotton knitted fabrics prepared from polyester-silver nanocomposite fibres showed equally good antibacterial activity (65-99 %) against both S. aureus and E. coli bacteria. Antibacterial properties were enhanced with the increase in the proportion of polyester-silver nanocomposite fibres, yarn coarseness and increased compactness of knitted fabrics. Yarn count and blend proportion of nanocomposite fibre were found to have very dominant influence in determining the antibacterial properties of knitted fabrics.

Keywords

Antibacterial activity Knitted fabrics Nano-silver Nanocomposite fibre 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prakash Khude
    • 1
  • Abhijit Majumdar
    • 1
  • Bhupendra Singh Butola
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Textile TechnologyIndian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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