Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 896–901 | Cite as

Effect of surface-active agent on morphology and properties of electrospun PVA nanofibres

  • Jianghui Zhao
  • Zhaoyang Sun
  • Zhongbiao Shao
  • Lan XuEmail author


After the addition of a surface-active agent, sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS), electrospun polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) nanofibres showed a significant enhancement in the mechanical properties, such as improved tensile strength and elongation at break. The improved crystallinity and strong intermolecular hydrogen bonds between the molecules of SDBS and PVA were the two main factors that improved the mechanical properties. In addition, a sharp decrease in surface tension of PVA solution with the addition of SDBS was observed, and the protruding droplet at the tip of needle diminished in the electrospinning process.


Polyvinyl alcohol Surfactant Electrospinning Surface tension Mechanical property 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    D. Li, G. Ouyang, J. T. McCann, and Y. Xia, Nano Lett., 5, 913 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. Nasouri, A. M. Shoushtari, and M. R. M. Mojtahedi, Fiber. Polym., 16, 1941 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. Larsen, R. Spretz, and R. Velarde-Ortiz, Adv. Mater., 16, 166 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y. M. Shin, M. M. Hohman, M. P. Brenner, and G. C. Rutledge, Polymer, 42, 09955 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    V. Jacobs, R. D. Anandjiwala, and M. Maaza, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 115, 3130 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Y. P. Neo, S. Ray, A. J. Easteal, M. G. Nikolaidis, and S. Y. Quek, J. Food Eng., 109, 645 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. F. A. Taleb, H. L. A. El-Mohdy, and H. A. A. El-Rehim, J. Hazard. Mater., 168, 68 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    L. Tang, Y. Zheng, S. Chen, L. Wang, and H. Wang, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 133, 43120 (2016).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Koski, K. Yim, and S. Shivkumar, Mater. Lett., 58, 493 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    X. Wang, K. Zhang, Y. Yang, L. Wang, Z. Zhou, M. Zhu, and B. Chu, J. Membr. Sci., 356, 110 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    K. H. Hong, Polym. Eng. Sci., 47, 43 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    N. Liu, G. Fang, J. Wan, H. Zhou, H. Long, and X. Zhao, J. Mater. Chem., 21, 18962 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    L. Jia and X. Qin, J. Therm. Anal. Calorim., 112, 595 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Fong, I. Chun, and D. H. Reneker, Polymer, 40, 4585 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. Lin, J. Fang, H. Wang, T. Cheng, and X. Wang, Nanotechnology, 17, 3718 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    T. Lin, H. Wang, H. Wang, and X. Wang, Nanotechnology, 15, 1375 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    C. Kriegel, K. M. Kit, D. J. McClements, and J. Weiss, Food Biophys., 4, 213 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. P. Roque, L. A. Mercante, V. P. Scagion, J. E. Oliveira, L. H. Mattoso, L. Boni, and D. S. Correa, J. Polym. Sci. Pt. B-Polym. Phys., 52, 1388 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    R. Pérez-Masiá, J. M. Lagaron, and A. López-Rubio, Carbohydr. Polym., 101, 249 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    K. B. Stephansen, M. García-Díaz, F. Jessen, I. S. Chronakis, and H. M. Nielsen, Mol. Pharm., 13, 748 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. Fong, I. Chun, and D. H. Reneker, Polymer, 40, 4585 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Ma and R. M. Hill, Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci., 11, 193 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. Guan, C. Shao, S. Wen, B. Chen, J. Gong, and X. Yang, Mater. Chem. Phys., 82, 1002 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    N. Koji, Y. Tomonori, I. Kenji, and S. Fumio, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 74, 133 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Y. Zhang, X. Huang, B. Duan, L. Wu, S. Li, and X. Yuan, Colloid Polym. Sci., 285, 855 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    C. Shao, H. Y. Kim, J. Gong, B. Ding, D. R. Lee, and S. J. Park, Mater. Lett., 57, 1579 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    B. Ding, H. Kim, S. Lee, C. Shao, D. Lee, S. Park, G. Kwag, and K. Choi, J. Polym. Sci. Pt. B-Polym. Phys., 40, 1261 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. S. Lee, K. H. Choi, H D. Ghim, S. S. Kim, D. H. Chun, H. Y. Kim, and W. S. Lyoo, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 93, 1638 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianghui Zhao
    • 1
  • Zhaoyang Sun
    • 1
  • Zhongbiao Shao
    • 1
  • Lan Xu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Nantong Textile Institute of Soochow UniversityNantongChina
  2. 2.National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Silk, College of Textile and Clothing EngineeringSoochow UniversitySuzhouChina

Personalised recommendations