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Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 896–901 | Cite as

Effect of surface-active agent on morphology and properties of electrospun PVA nanofibres

  • Jianghui Zhao
  • Zhaoyang Sun
  • Zhongbiao Shao
  • Lan XuEmail author
Article

Abstract

After the addition of a surface-active agent, sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS), electrospun polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) nanofibres showed a significant enhancement in the mechanical properties, such as improved tensile strength and elongation at break. The improved crystallinity and strong intermolecular hydrogen bonds between the molecules of SDBS and PVA were the two main factors that improved the mechanical properties. In addition, a sharp decrease in surface tension of PVA solution with the addition of SDBS was observed, and the protruding droplet at the tip of needle diminished in the electrospinning process.

Keywords

Polyvinyl alcohol Surfactant Electrospinning Surface tension Mechanical property 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianghui Zhao
    • 1
  • Zhaoyang Sun
    • 1
  • Zhongbiao Shao
    • 1
  • Lan Xu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Nantong Textile Institute of Soochow UniversityNantongChina
  2. 2.National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Silk, College of Textile and Clothing EngineeringSoochow UniversitySuzhouChina

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