Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 16, Issue 12, pp 2586–2592 | Cite as

Structure and filtration performance of fibrous composite membranes containing environmentally friendly materials for water purification

  • Xiaoyan Zhao
  • Yuan Liu
  • Chenyi Wang
  • Qingsheng Liu


A fibrous composite membrane consisting of a chitosan (CS) barrier layer and a poly(hydroxybutyrate-cohydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) fibrous substrate was manufactured as a filter for water purification. The PHBV fibrous supporting layer was fabricated via electrospinning technique, and then the CS solution cast on the PHBV fibers to form the top barrier layer. The structural morphology, mechanical property and adsorption capability of the PHBV/CS membranes were thoroughly investigated. Three heavy metal ions were used to evaluate the equilibrium absorption capacities of the chosen membranes. The equilibrium absorption capacities for Cu(II), Pb(II) and Cd(II) were 64.08 mg/g, 90.32 mg/g and 148.96 mg/ g, respectively. Meanwhile, the rejection ratio of PHBV/CS composite membrane for two disperse dyes could reach to 99 %. The results indicated that PHBV fibrous substrate could not only enhance the mechanical strength of the top barrier layer, but also improve the water permeation of the membrane. This study extended the application of an environmentally friendly material in the water purification without causing much trouble about scrap film.


PHBV Surface morphology Electrospinning Composite membrane Absorption capacity 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of PetroChemical EngineeringChangzhou UniversityChangzhouChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer MaterialsDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Eco-Textiles, Ministry of EducationJiangnan UniversityWuxiChina

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