Advertisement

Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 16, Issue 12, pp 2586–2592 | Cite as

Structure and filtration performance of fibrous composite membranes containing environmentally friendly materials for water purification

  • Xiaoyan Zhao
  • Yuan Liu
  • Chenyi Wang
  • Qingsheng Liu
Article

Abstract

A fibrous composite membrane consisting of a chitosan (CS) barrier layer and a poly(hydroxybutyrate-cohydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) fibrous substrate was manufactured as a filter for water purification. The PHBV fibrous supporting layer was fabricated via electrospinning technique, and then the CS solution cast on the PHBV fibers to form the top barrier layer. The structural morphology, mechanical property and adsorption capability of the PHBV/CS membranes were thoroughly investigated. Three heavy metal ions were used to evaluate the equilibrium absorption capacities of the chosen membranes. The equilibrium absorption capacities for Cu(II), Pb(II) and Cd(II) were 64.08 mg/g, 90.32 mg/g and 148.96 mg/ g, respectively. Meanwhile, the rejection ratio of PHBV/CS composite membrane for two disperse dyes could reach to 99 %. The results indicated that PHBV fibrous substrate could not only enhance the mechanical strength of the top barrier layer, but also improve the water permeation of the membrane. This study extended the application of an environmentally friendly material in the water purification without causing much trouble about scrap film.

Keywords

PHBV Surface morphology Electrospinning Composite membrane Absorption capacity 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    O. P. Sahu and P. K. Chaudhari, J. Electroanal. Chem., 739, 122 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. Guan, W. C. Fung, F. Lau, C. Deng, A. Leung, J. Dai, and G. H. Chen, Water Sci. Technol., 70, 120 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. A. Zoppi and C. G. A. Soares, Adv. Polym. Technol., 21, 2 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    W. Wang and G. D. Li, Fiber. Polym., 11, 1041 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    X. F. Wang, M. H. Min, Z. Y. Liu, Y. Yang, Z. Zhou, M. F. Zhu, Y. M. Chen, and B. S. Hsiao, J. Membr. Sci., 379, 191 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. Wang, X. F. Wang, B. Ding, J. Y. Yu, and G. Sun, J. Mater. Chem., 22, 1445 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. C. Liu, M. Mauk, R. Gross, F. D. Bushman, P. H. Edelstein, R. G. Collman, and H. H. Bau, Anal. Chem., 85, 10463 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y. N. Zhao, X. X Sun, G. N. Zhang, B. G. Trewyn, I. I. Slowing, and V. S. Y. Lin, ACS Nano, 5, 1366 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y. Li, E. E. Borujeni and A. L. Zydney, J. Membr. Sci., 479, 117 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Y. Lin, B. Ding, J. M. Yang, J. Y. Yu, and S. S. Al-Deyab, Mater. Lett., 69, 82 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Y. Ito, H. Hasuda, M. Kamitakahara, C. Ohtsuki, M. Tanihara, I. K. Kang, and O. H. Kwon, J. Biosci. Bioeng., 100, 43 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    X. F. Wang, B. Ding, J. Y. Yu, and M. Wang, J. Mater. Chem., 21, 16231 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. Y. Ma, C. Burger, B. S. Hsiao, and B. Chu, ACS Macro Lett., 1, 723 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    L. Yung, H. Y. Ma, X. Wang, K. Yoon, R. Wang, B. S. Hsiao, and B. Chu, J. Membr. Sci., 365, 52 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. Y. Ma, C. Burger, B. S. Hsiao, and B. Chu, J. Mater. Chem., 21, 7507 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. C. Wang, F. L. Yang, and H. M. Zhang, Sep. Purif. Technol., 75, 358 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Y. Liu, M. Park, B. Ding, J. Kim, M. El-Newehy, S. S. Al-Deyab, and H. Y. Kim, Fiber. Polym., 16, 629 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. J. Porter and R. S. Porter, J. Membr. Sci., 101, 67 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    N. F. D. Aba, J. Y. Chong, B. Wang, C. Mattevi, and K. Li, J. Membr. Sci., 484, 87 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. R. S. Kebria, M. Jahanshahi, and A. Rahimpour, Desalination, 367, 255 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. L. Hou, F. M. Gao, G. D. Wei, M. F. Wang, J. J. Zheng, B. Tang, and W. Y. Yang, Cryst. Growth Des., 12, 536 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    K. H. K. Chan, S. Y. Wong, X. Li, Y. Z. Zhang, P. C. Lim, C. T. Lim, M. Kotaki, and C. B. He, J. Phys. Chem. B, 113, 13179 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. Q. Feng, X. Y. Shen, Z. Y. Fu, and M. L. Shao, J. Macromol. Sci. B, 50, 1705 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    W. S. Wan-Ngah, C. S. Endud, and R. Mayanar, React. Funct. Polym., 50, 81 (2002).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    K. D. Trimukhe and A. J. Varma, Carbohydr. Polym., 71, 698 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    C. Prego, D. Torres, E. Fernandez-Megia, R. Novoa-Carballal, E. Quinoa, and M. J. Alonso, J. Control. Release, 111, 299 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    X. G. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, Z. M. Wu, Z. Wang, H. M. Niu, and C. X Li, Eur. J. Pharm. Biopharm., 68, 526 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    X. F. Wang, D. F. Fang, K. Yoon, B. S. Hsiao, and B. Chu, J. Membr. Sci., 278, 261 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    H. You, Y. Yang, X. Li, K. Zhang, X. F. Wang, M. F. Zhu, and B. S. Hsiao, J. Membr. Sci., 394-395, 241 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    H. Y. Ma, K. Yoon, L. X. Rong, Y. M. Mao, Z. R. Mo, D. F. Fang, Z. Hollander, J. Gaiteri, B. S. Hsiao, and B. Chu, J. Mater. Chem., 20, 4692 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Z. Karim, A. P. Mathew, M. Grahn, J. Mouzon, and K. Oksman, Carbohydr. Polym., 112, 668 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    J. J. Yan, Y. P. Huang, Y. E. Miao, W. W. Tjiu, and T. X. Liu, J. Hazard. Mater., 283, 730 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of PetroChemical EngineeringChangzhou UniversityChangzhouChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer MaterialsDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Eco-Textiles, Ministry of EducationJiangnan UniversityWuxiChina

Personalised recommendations