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Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 547–552 | Cite as

Polyester fiber production using virgin and recycled PET

  • J. C. Tapia-PicazoEmail author
  • J. G. Luna-Bárcenas
  • A. García-Chávez
  • R. Gonzalez-Nuñez
  • A. Bonilla-Petriciolet
  • A. Alvarez-Castillo
Article

Abstract

In this study, the design and construction of an extrusion equipment with spinning fiber devices has been developed to produce polyester fiber from virgin and recycled polyethylene terephthalate (PET). Several operating parameters (i.e., pressure, temperature, feed flow rate, extrusion speed and extruder design) have been analyzed to identify the best process conditions. In particular, this study has focused on a detailed analysis for the processing of recycled raw material for polyester textile fiber applications considering the variability of the process and identifying alternatives to minimize the impact on the quality parameters such as the fiber diameter and mechanical specifications. The experimental results were compared with the values calculated using a theoretical model, which has been developed for these particular cases. The mathematical analysis of the mass flow showed a very good agreement with respect to the experimental data, where there was a percentage difference < 3 %. It was found that the fiber diameter is a function of intrinsic viscosity (VI) or melt flow index (MFI). Finally, the mechanical properties of the fibers were evaluated and results indicated that the fiber with higher average molecular weight showed higher tenacity and lower Young’s modulus values.

Keywords

Recycled PET Extrusion process Spinning fiber Textile PET fiber PET 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. C. Tapia-Picazo
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. G. Luna-Bárcenas
    • 1
  • A. García-Chávez
    • 2
  • R. Gonzalez-Nuñez
    • 3
  • A. Bonilla-Petriciolet
    • 2
  • A. Alvarez-Castillo
    • 4
  1. 1.Cinvestav-Querétaro, Libramiento Norponiente 2000Fracc. Real de JuriquillaQuerétaro, QuerétaroMéxico
  2. 2.Chemical Engineering and Biochemical DepartmentTechnological Institute of Aguascalientes, AguascalientesAguascalientesMéxico
  3. 3.University Center of Exact Sciences and Engineering, Chemical Engineering DepartmentUniversity of GuadalajaraGuadalajara, JaliscoMéxico
  4. 4.Division of Graduate Studies and Research, Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Department, Electromechanical Department and Basic Sciences DepartmentTechnological Institute of Zacatepec, ZacatepecMorelosMéxico

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