Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 14, Issue 9, pp 1472–1477 | Cite as

Effect of surrounded air atmospheric plasma treatment on polypropylene dyeability using cationic dyestuffs

  • Necla YamanEmail author
  • Esen Özdoğan
  • Necdet Seventekin


The dyeing properties of the polypropylene (PP) fabrics using cationic dyestuffs were investigated after surrounded air atmospheric cold-plasma treatment. Surrounded air plasma (SAP) was used to modify fabric surface and to optimize the effects of some discharge parameters on dyeability. Surface morphology and physical-chemical properties of plasma treated fibers were also characterized by Fourier transform infrared attenuated total reflection spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Activated surfaces by SAP were grafted with different compounds: 6-aminohexanoic acid, acrylic acid, and hexamethyldisiloxane. Dyeing the plasma-induced grafted PP fabric with basic dye was quite satisfactory when high color strength and good fasteness were considered.


Polypropylene Surrounded air Plasma treatment Basic dyestuff 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Necla Yaman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Esen Özdoğan
    • 2
  • Necdet Seventekin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Textile Engineering, Engineering FacultyUsak UniversityUsakTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Textile Engineering, Engineering FacultyEge UniversityBornova-IzmirTurkey

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