Effect of surrounded air atmospheric plasma treatment on polypropylene dyeability using cationic dyestuffs
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The dyeing properties of the polypropylene (PP) fabrics using cationic dyestuffs were investigated after surrounded air atmospheric cold-plasma treatment. Surrounded air plasma (SAP) was used to modify fabric surface and to optimize the effects of some discharge parameters on dyeability. Surface morphology and physical-chemical properties of plasma treated fibers were also characterized by Fourier transform infrared attenuated total reflection spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Activated surfaces by SAP were grafted with different compounds: 6-aminohexanoic acid, acrylic acid, and hexamethyldisiloxane. Dyeing the plasma-induced grafted PP fabric with basic dye was quite satisfactory when high color strength and good fasteness were considered.
KeywordsPolypropylene Surrounded air Plasma treatment Basic dyestuff
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