Silsesquiazane/organic polymer blends as organic-inorganic hybrid materials
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Silsesquiazane (SSQZ), one of the branched forms of polysilazane, was blended with polystyrene (PS), poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), poly(iso-butyl methacrylate) (PBMA), and poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) to produce organic-inorganic hybrid materials. The polymers were selected to provide specific interaction, such as π-π interaction or hydrogen bonding, with SSQZ. AFM studies revealed that carbonyl containing polymers, PMMA, PBMA, and PVAc were miscible with SSQZ while PS was immiscible. DSC analysis of the hybrids also supported the miscibility behaviours of the system. The glass transition behaviour of SSQZ/PS showed individual transition temperature corresponding to the each component while SSQZ/carbonyl-containing polymers displayed one transition temperature that matched with the theoretically calculated values following the Kwei equation. Among the miscible hybrid system, the interaction with SSQZ increased in the order of PMMA> PBMA> PVAc, as determined by the q value in the Kwei equation. This result was confirmed by determining the degree of hydrogen bonding in FT-IR spectra. Thermal stability of organic polymers was improved by incorporating SSQZ regardless of the miscibility.
KeywordsPolymer blends and alloys Silsesquiazane Miscibility Hydrogen bonding Thermal stability
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