Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 11, Issue 7, pp 967–975 | Cite as

Nano titanium dioxide on wool keratin as UV absorber stabilized by butane tetra carboxylic acid (BTCA): A statistical prospect

  • Majid Montazer
  • Esfandiar Pakdel
  • Mohammad Bameni Moghadam


Photo yellowing of wool is one of the most important problems which have negative impacts on various aspects of wool prompting scientists to find a solution over the past decades. In this research the protective features of nano-titanium dioxide particles against UV on wool fabric were discussed and the color variations of wool samples after UV irradiation were measured and reported. It was shown that nano TiO2 is a suitable UV absorber and its effect depends on the concentration. Also, it was assumed that butane tetracarboxylic acid plays a prominent role as a cross-linking agent to stabilize the nano-titanium dioxide as well as a polyanion to maintain negative charges on the wool surface for higher nano particles absorption. Also the variables conditions were optimized using response surface methodology (RSM).


Nano TiO2 Butane tetracarboxylic acid Wool UV absorber Response surface methodology 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Netherlands 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Majid Montazer
    • 1
  • Esfandiar Pakdel
    • 2
  • Mohammad Bameni Moghadam
    • 3
  1. 1.Textile DepartmentAmirkabir University of Technology, Center of Excellence in TextileTehranIran
  2. 2.Textile Department, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  3. 3.Alame Tabatabaie UniversityTehranIran

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