Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 580–585 | Cite as

Atmospheric plasma advantages for mohair fibers in textile applications

  • Asl DemirEmail author


In this study, mohair fibers were treated by air and argon plasma for modifying some properties of fibers. The fibers were evaluated in terms of their hydrophilicity, grease content, fiber to fiber friction, shrinkage, dyeing, and color fastness properties. The surface morphology was characterized by SEM images. The results showed that the atmospheric plasma has an etching effect and increases the functionality of a wool surface, which is evident from SEM and FTIR-ATR analysis. The hydrophilicity, dyeability, fiber friction coefficient, and shrinkage properties of mohair fibers were improved by atmospheric plasma treatment.


Mohair Atmospheric plasma Hydrophilicity Surface modification 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    W. V. Bergen, “Speciality Hair Fibres”, p.315, Von Bergen’s Wool Handbook, Interscience Publishers, New York, 1969.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. W. Pond and W. A. Bell, “Encyclopedia of Animal Science”, pp.650–652, Marcel Dekker Publishing, New York, USA, 2005.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    V. B. Kraus, “Textile Fiber Atlas”, p.17, American Wool Handbook Company, New York, 1942.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. R. Franck, “Silk, Mohair, Cashmere and Other Luxury Fibres”, pp.68–71, Woodhead Textiles Series, No. 19, UK, 2001.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Shelton, “Angora Goat and Mohair Production”, pp.20–21, Texas A&M University, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Lecture Notes, 2007.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    W. J. Thorsen and R. Y. Kodani, Text. Res. J., 36, 651 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    N. Abidi and E. Hequet, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 93, 145 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. R. Wertheimer, L. Martinu, J. E. Klembert-Sapieha, and G. Czeremuszkin, “Adhesion Promotion Techniques”, p.30, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 1999.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. W. Kan and C. W. M. Yuen, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 102, 5958 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. A. Karahan, E. Ozdogan, A. Demir, H. Ayhan, and N. Seventekin, Color. Technol., 124, 107 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. J. Yan and W. Y. Guo, Proceeding of 4th Int. Conf. Plasma Chem. Technol., p.182, Venice, 1989.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Ozdogan, R. Saber, H. Ayhan, and N. Seventekin, Color. Technol., 118, 100 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. Demir, H. A. Karahan, E. Özdoğan, T. Öktem, and N. Seventekin, Fibres Text. East. Eur., 16, 90 (2008).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    E. Özdogan, A. Demir, H. A. Karahan, H. Ayhan, and N. Seventekin, Tekstil, 2, 124 (2009).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. A. Karahan and E. Özdogan, Fiber. Polym., 9, 22 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    S. Ghosh, J. E. Rodgers, and A. E. Ortega, Text. Res. J., 62, 610 (1992).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    C. W. Kan and C. M. Yuen, Plasma Process. Polym., 3, 627 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. M. Lewis, “Wool Dyeing”, p.56, The Society of Dyers and Colorists, Bradford, 1992.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    R. Molina, P. Jovanïcıć, F. Comelles, E. Bertran, and P. Erra, J. Adhes. Sci. Technol., 6, 1472 (2002).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    P. Erra, P. Jovanèiæ, R. Molina, d. Jociæ, and M. R. Julia, “Science, Technology and Education of Microscopy: An Overview”, p.36, Formatex Microscopy Book Series, Badajoz, 2003.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. Varesano, A. Aluigi, C. Tonin, and F. Ferrero, Fiber. Polym., 7, 105 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    F. S. Parker, “Applications of Infrared, Raman, and Resonance Raman Spectroscopy in Biochemistry”, 1st ed., p.147, Plenum Pres, New York, 1983.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    T. Das and N. Gita, Text. Res. J., 76, 128 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. Fonollosa, M. Mart, A. Maza, M. Sabe, J. L. Parra, and L. Coderch, Langmuir, 16, 4809 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    N. Gomez, M. R. Julia, I. Munoz, M. R. Infant, A. Pianzo, A. Naik, and P. Erra, J. Text. I., 85, 215 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    T. Wakida, S. Tokino, S. Niu, H. Kaeamura, Y. Sato, M. Lee, H. Uchiyama, and H. Inagaki, Text. Res. J., 63, 433 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    C. W. Kan, K. Chan, and C. W. M. Yuen, Fiber. Polym., 5, 52 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    C. W. Kan, Fiber. Polym., 7, 265 (2006).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Netherlands 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ege University Emel Akın Vocational High SchoolBornova, İzmirTurkey

Personalised recommendations