Fibers and Polymers

, 9:467 | Cite as

Spirality related mechanical properties of single knit fabrics of lincLITE® and conventional yarns

  • Shin Woong Park
  • Stewart Collie
  • C. N. Herath
  • Bok Choon Kang
  • Takako Fujimoto
Article

Abstract

In this study, spirality related mechanical properties such as torque, tensile and snarling tendency and their effect on spirality and skewness are investigated in single jersey structures made from soft and bulkier lincLITE® yarns and conventional wool yarns. Twist liveliness, snarling tendency, torque and residual torque, asymmetry of torque and tightness significantly effect the spirality and skewness of single jersey fabrics. Torques and residual torques and snarling tendency have positive and tightness factor has a negative correlation with skewness. Asymmetry of torque appeared to be proportional with an increase of torque and residual torques, but showed a negative correlation with torsional resilience. LincLITE® yarns showed better torsional properties nearly in all cases in concern of spirality. Tensile properties are nearly similar between lincLITE® and conventional yarns. Lower initial modulus and slightly higher coefficient of friction are exhibited by lincLITE® yarns over conventional yarns.

Keywords

Spirality Skewness Mechanical properties Single jersey LincLITE® 

References

  1. 1.
    J. Tao, R. C. Dhingra, C. K. Chan, and M. S. Abbas, Text. Res. J., 67, 57 (1997).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. S. Moon, Text. Res. J., 37, 417 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. S. Nutting, HATRA, 13, 42 (1971).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. K. Banerjee and T. S. Aliaban, Text. Res. J., 58, 288(1988).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. Bunler and W. Haussler, Knitting Technique, 7, 373(1985)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. K. Banerjee and T. S. Aliaban, Text. Res. J., 58, 123(1988).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. Haigh, Wool Science Review, 64, 81 (1964).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. S. Nutting and G. A. V. Leaf, J. Text. Inst., 55, T45(1964).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    B. Hepworth, Melliand, 74, 515 (1993).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. W. Park, S. Collie, C. N. Herath, and B. C. Kang, Fiber. Polym., 7, 398 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. W. Park, S. Collie, C. N. Herath, B. C. Kang, and J. S. An, Fiber. Polym., 8, 72 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Skelton, J. Text. Inst., 56, T443 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg GmbH 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shin Woong Park
    • 4
  • Stewart Collie
    • 1
    • 4
  • C. N. Herath
    • 2
    • 4
  • Bok Choon Kang
    • 4
  • Takako Fujimoto
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.AgResearch Ltd.ChristchurchNew Zealand
  2. 2.Open University of Sri LankaNugegodaSri Lanka
  3. 3.Hokkaido University of EducationSapporoJapan
  4. 4.Department of Textile EngineeringInha UniversityInchonKorea

Personalised recommendations