Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 267–270

The removal of heavy metals in aqueous solution by hydroxyapatite/cellulose composite



Hydroxyapatite has an excellent ion-exchangeability and is expected to be used as an agent for the removal of heavy metal ions in wastewater. However, the pure hydroxyapatite is very difficult to use because it exists in the form of white powder. Thus, the pure hydroxyapatite was mixed with cellulose to utilize its ion-exchangeability. In this research, a method for dispersion of hydroxyapatite in cellulose matrix is described and its dispersion is observed with scanning electron microscopy. The removal ratios of some heavy metal ions with hydroxyapatite composite are examined with regard to reaction time and amount of hydroxyapatite composite. The ion-exchangeability of hydroxyapatite composite did not seem to be interfered by cellulose matrix during removing heavy metal ions.


Hydroxyapatite Cellulose Composite Heavy metal Dispersion 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg GmbH 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Organic Materials and Fiber EngineeringSoongsil UniversitySeoulKorea

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