Microgravity Science and Technology

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 241–249 | Cite as

Life History Responses and Feeding Behavior of Microcrustacea in Altered Gravity – Applicability in Bioregenerative Life Support Systems (BLSS)

  • Jessica Fischer
  • Kathrin Schoppmann
  • Christian Laforsch
Original Article

Abstract

Manned space missions, as for example to the planet Mars, are a current objective in space exploration. During such long-lasting missions, aquatic bioregenerative life support systems (BLSS) could facilitate independence of resupply from Earth by regenerating the atmosphere, purifying water, producing food and processing waste. In such BLSS, microcrustaceans could, according to their natural role in aquatic ecosystems, link oxygen liberating, autotrophic algae and higher trophic levels, such as fish. However, organisms employed in BLSS will be exposed to high acceleration (hyper- g) during launch of spacecrafts as well as to microgravity (μg) during space travel. It is thus essential that these organisms survive, perform and reproduce under altered gravity conditions. In this study we present the first data in this regard for the microcrustaceas Daphnia magna and Heterocypris incongruens. We found that after hyper-g exposure (centrifugation) approximately one third of the D. magna population died within one week (generally indicating that possible belated effects have to be considered when conducting and interpreting experiments during which hyper-g occurs). However, suchlike and even higher losses could be countervailed by the surviving daphnids’ unaltered high reproductive capacity. Furthermore, we can show that foraging and feeding behavior of D. magna (drop tower) and H. incongruens (parabolic flights) are rarely altered in μg. Our results thus indicate that both species are suitable candidates for BLSS utilized in space.

Keywords

CELSS Zooplankton Ostracoda Reproduction Mortality Food chain 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge that this study forms a part of the Ph.D thesis of Jessica Fischer, who received a scholarship by the Helmholtz Space Life Sciences Research School (SpaceLife). Further financial support was provided by the German Aerospace Center (DLR, Grant No. 50WB1029) on behalf of the Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie (BMWi) and the European Space Agency (ESA-GBF-program, contract No. 4000103571). The authors would like to thank M. Huber for determining of the thoracic beat frequency of D. magna and F. Scheller for measuring the duration the ostracods spent on food pieces. The ZARM Fab mbH team (Bremen, Germany), the Novespace team (Bordeaux, France), B. Trotter, B. Wolfschoon-Ribeiro, and R. Sigl provided excellent support during the drop tower and the parabolic flight experiments. The authors are grateful to PD Dr. R. Hemmersbach, PD Dr. R. Matzke-Karasz, I. Schrank, Q. Herzog, and L. Oehme for manuscript editing.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jessica Fischer
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Kathrin Schoppmann
    • 1
    • 3
  • Christian Laforsch
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Animal Ecology IUniversity of BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  2. 2.German Aerospace Center (DLR)Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Gravitational BiologyCologneGermany
  3. 3.Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research (BayCEER)University of BayreuthBayreuthGermany

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