Advertisement

Microgravity Science and Technology

, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp 397–409 | Cite as

BIOKIS: A Model Payload for Multidisciplinary Experiments in Microgravity

  • Marco Vukich
  • Pier Luigi Ganga
  • Duccio Cavalieri
  • Lisa Rizzetto
  • Damariz Rivero
  • Susanna Pollastri
  • Sergio Mugnai
  • Stefano Mancuso
  • Sandro Pastorelli
  • Maya Lambreva
  • Amina Antonacci
  • Andrea Margonelli
  • Ivo Bertalan
  • Udo Johanningmeier
  • Maria Teresa Giardi
  • Giuseppina Rea
  • Mariagabriella Pugliese
  • Maria Quarto
  • Vincenzo Roca
  • Alba Zanini
  • Oscar Borla
  • Lorena Rebecchi
  • Tiziana Altiero
  • Roberto Guidetti
  • Michele Cesari
  • Trevor Marchioro
  • Roberto Bertolani
  • Emanuele Pace
  • Antonio De Sio
  • Massimo Casarosa
  • Lorenzo Tozzetti
  • Sergio Branciamore
  • Enzo Gallori
  • Monica Scarigella
  • Mara Bruzzi
  • Marta Bucciolini
  • Cinzia Talamonti
  • Alessandro Donati
  • Valfredo Zolesi
Original Article

Abstract

In this paper we report about the BIOKIS payload: a multidisciplinary set of experiments and measurements in the fields of Biology (4) and Dosimetry (3) performed in microgravity. BIOKIS took advantage of the last STS-134 Endeavour mission and engineering state of the art in Space Life Science. The BIOKIS payload is compact, efficient, and capable to host experiments with different samples and science disciplines. Moreover, the time overlap of biological experiments and dosimetry measurements will produce more insightful information.

Keywords

DAMA BIOKIS BIOKON Experiment hardware Experiment unit BioS-SPORE Arabidops-ISS PHOTOEVOLUTION TARDIKISS HiDOSE 3DISS nDOSE 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Altiero, T., Rebecchi, L.: Rearing tardigrades: results and problems. Zool. Anz. 240, 217–221 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Altiero, T., Guidetti, R., Caselli, V., Cesari, M., Rebecchi, L.: Ultraviolet radiation tolerance in hydrated and desiccated eutardigrades. J. Zoolog. Syst. Evol. Res. 49(Suppl. 1), 104–110 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bahalul, M., Kaneti G., Kashi Y.: Ether-zymolyase ascospore isolation procedure: an efficient protocol for ascospores isolation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast. Yeast 27(12), 999–1003 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Berger, T., Hajek, M.: TL-efficiency–Overview and experimental results over the years. Radiat. Meas. 43, 146–156 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bubble Technology Industries: Instruction Manual for the Bubble Detector Spectrometer (BDS). Chalk River, Ontario, Canada (2003)Google Scholar
  6. Cross, W.G., Tommasino, L.: Dosimetry of high energy neutrons and protons by Bi-209 fissions. Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 70, 419–424 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. De Sio, A., Pace, E., Giannini, A., Bruzzi, M., Milgio, S., Scaringella, M., Bucciolini, M., Woernerd, E., Wild, C., Donati, A., Zolesi, V., Cotronei, V.: Diamond-based off-line dosimeters for environmental control in space flights. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 3, 583–587 (2010)Google Scholar
  8. Durante, M.: Biological effects of cosmic radiation in Low-Earth-Orbit. Int. J. Mod. Phys. 17, 1713–1721 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Füner, M., Wild, C., Koidl, P.: Novel microwave plasma reactor for diamond synthesis. Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1149 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Guidetti, R., Altiero, T., Rebecchi, L.: On dormancy strategy in tardigrades. J. Insect Physiol. 57, 567–576 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jönsson, K.I., Rabbow, E., Schill, R.O., Harms-Ringdahl, M., Rettberg, P.: Tardigrades survive exposure to space in Low-Earth-Orbit. Curr. Biol. 18, R729–R731 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mugnai, S., Pandolfi, C., Azzarello, E., Masi, E., Renna, L., Stefano, G., Voigt, B., Volkmann, D., Mancuso, S.: Root apex physiological response to temporary changes in gravity conditions: an overview on oxygen and nitric oxide fluxes. J. Gravit. Physiol. 15, 163–164 (2008)Google Scholar
  13. NCRP: National council on radiation protection and measurements. Protection Against Neutron Radiation, NCRP Report 38 (1971)Google Scholar
  14. Nelson, D., Guidetti, R., Rebecchi, L.: Tardigrada. In: Thorp, J.H., Covich, A.P. (eds.) Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates, 3rd edn., vol. 14, pp. 455–484. Academic Press-Elsevier, Amsterdam (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Persson, D., Halberg, K.A., Jørgensen, A., Ricci, C., Møbjerg, N., Kristensen, R.M.: Extreme stress tolerance in tardigrades: surviving space conditions in Low-Earth-Orbit. J. Zoolog. Syst. Evol. Res. 49(Suppl. 1), 90–97 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rebecchi, L., Altiero, T., Guidetti, R.: Anhydrobiosis: the extreme limit of desiccation tolerance. Invertebr. Surviv. J. 4, 65–81 (2007)Google Scholar
  17. Pugliese, M., Roca, V., Durante, M.: The use of TL dosimeters in HZE radiation fields. In: Proceedings of Third European IRPA Congress, 14–18 June, Helsinki, Finland. P04–18 (2010)Google Scholar
  18. Rea, G., Lambreva, M., Polticelli, F., Bertalan, I., Antonacci, A., Pastorelli, S., Damasso, M., Johanningmeier, U., Giardi, M.T.: Directed evolution and in silico analysis of reaction centre proteins reveal molecular signatures of photosynthesis adaptation to radiation pressure. PLoS One 6(1), e16216 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rebecchi, L., Altiero, T., Guidetti, R., Cesari, M., Bertolani, R., Negroni, M., Rizzo, M.A.: Tardigrade resistance to space effects: first results of the experiment of LIFE–TARSE mission on FOTON-M3 (September 2007). Astrobiol. 9, 581–591 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rebecchi, L., Altiero, T., Cesari, M., Bertolani, R., Rizzo, A.M., Corsetto, P., Guidetti, R.: Resistance of the anhydrobiotic eutardigrade Paramacrobiotus richtersi to space flight (LIFE–TARSE mission on FOTON-M3). J. Zoolog. Syst. Evol. Res. 49(Suppl. 1), 98–103 (2011)Google Scholar
  21. Sebastiani, F., Barberio, C., Casalone, E., Cavalieri, D., Polsinelli, M.: Crosses between Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces bayanus generate fertile hybrids. Res. Microbiol. 153(1), 53–58 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Simpson, J.A.: Elemental and isotopic composition of the galactic cosmic rays. Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 33, 323 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Yasuda, N., Uchihori, Y., Benton, E.R., Kitamura, H., Fujitaka, K.: The intercomparison of cosmic rays with heavy ion beams at NIRS (ICCHIBAN) project. Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 120, 414–420 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Vukich
    • 1
  • Pier Luigi Ganga
    • 1
  • Duccio Cavalieri
    • 2
    • 3
  • Lisa Rizzetto
    • 2
  • Damariz Rivero
    • 2
  • Susanna Pollastri
    • 4
  • Sergio Mugnai
    • 4
  • Stefano Mancuso
    • 4
  • Sandro Pastorelli
    • 5
  • Maya Lambreva
    • 5
  • Amina Antonacci
    • 5
  • Andrea Margonelli
    • 5
  • Ivo Bertalan
    • 6
  • Udo Johanningmeier
    • 6
  • Maria Teresa Giardi
    • 5
  • Giuseppina Rea
    • 5
  • Mariagabriella Pugliese
    • 7
    • 8
  • Maria Quarto
    • 7
    • 8
  • Vincenzo Roca
    • 7
    • 8
  • Alba Zanini
    • 9
  • Oscar Borla
    • 9
    • 10
  • Lorena Rebecchi
    • 11
  • Tiziana Altiero
    • 12
  • Roberto Guidetti
    • 11
  • Michele Cesari
    • 11
  • Trevor Marchioro
    • 11
  • Roberto Bertolani
    • 11
  • Emanuele Pace
    • 13
  • Antonio De Sio
    • 13
  • Massimo Casarosa
    • 13
  • Lorenzo Tozzetti
    • 13
  • Sergio Branciamore
    • 13
  • Enzo Gallori
    • 13
  • Monica Scarigella
    • 14
  • Mara Bruzzi
    • 13
  • Marta Bucciolini
    • 14
  • Cinzia Talamonti
    • 14
  • Alessandro Donati
    • 1
  • Valfredo Zolesi
    • 1
  1. 1.Kayser Italia S.r.l.LivornoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Preclinical and Clinical PharmacologyUniversity of FlorenceFirenzeItaly
  3. 3.Istituto Agrario di San Michele all’AdigeTrentoItaly
  4. 4.Dept. Plant, Soil and EnvironmentUniversity of FlorenceFlorenceItaly
  5. 5.Institute of Crystallography, National Research CouncilMonterotondoItaly
  6. 6.Plant Physiology InstituteMartin-Luther-UniversityHalle (Saale)Germany
  7. 7.University of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly
  8. 8.INFN Sezione di NapoliNaplesItaly
  9. 9.Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare sez.TorinoItaly
  10. 10.Department of Structural Engineering & GeotechnicsPolitecnico di TorinoTorinoItaly
  11. 11.Department of BiologyUniversity of Modena and Reggio EmiliaModena and Reggio EmiliaItaly
  12. 12.Department of Education and Human SciencesUniversity of Modena and Reggio EmiliaModena and Reggio EmiliaItaly
  13. 13.Dipartimento di Fisica e AstronomiaUniversità di FirenzeFlorenceItaly
  14. 14.Dipartimento di EnergeticaUniversità di FirenzeFlorenceItaly

Personalised recommendations